isaiah fifty three

…the "crown jewel" of the Hebrew Scriptures…

“The Servant’s Soul Supplicates” – Isa 53:12 (REVISED!)

“The Servant’s Soul Supplicates – Isa. 53:12”

Introduction:

  1. “Therefore he shall inherit many, and he shall divide the spoils of the mighty; (1) because his soul was delivered to death: (2) and he was numbered among the transgressors; (3) and he bore the sins of many, (4) and was delivered because of their iniquities.” LXX, Trans. 1978
  2. “Therefore will I divide him a portion among the great, And he shall divide the spoil with the mighty; (1) Because he bared his soul unto death, (2) And was numbered with the transgressors; (3) Yet he bore the sin of many, (4) And made intercession for the transgressors.” JPS, Trans. 1975
  3. “Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong, (1) because he has poured out his soul unto death; (2) and he was numbered with the transgressors; (3) and he bore the sin of many, (4) and made intercession for the for the transgressors.” KJV, Trans. 1967
  4. In v.10 we saw the Servant’s Resurrection; ‘After’ his soul became an (asham) a trespass-offering, He saw his seed, His days were prolonged, and the pleasure of the LORD prospered in His hand.
  5. In v.11 we saw the Servant’s Justification; ‘After’ the travail (amal) labor, misery, sorrow, birth-pangs of His soul, He justified the many;
  6. However, here in v.12 we see will the Servant’s Imputation, ‘After’ His soul is delivered unto death! In v.12 we get a glimpse of the Servant’s future kingdom as well as His ‘Second Coming!’
  7. if there is any doubt left in your mind after v.1-11 how this Servant could bring God’s justice into this hell bound world, this verse should answer your questions! (By the way, if this Servant is not Jesus Christ of Nazareth, then Jesus did an incredible job of impersonating this servant!)
  8. “Therefore will I divide Him a portion with the great, and He shall divide the spoil with the strong,” (I YeHoVaH will divide it to Him — and immediately following –He the Messiah shall divide it. So Christ completed His work of Redemption and God completed His promise to Him for it!)
  9. The LORD Yehovah will give Him the mighty, the great ones (barabbim) and the many, the strong ones (asum) mighty, powerful ones for a portion and the Servant shall divide the spoils.
  10.          The spoil which God divides to the Servant/Messiah, He divides among His followers, and it’s the exact same word; “For when He led captivity captive, he gave gifts unto men.” Eph. 4:8; Ps. 68:18; Acts 20:35; Luke 14:12. This messiah conquered for us and through Him we are more than conquerors, Rom. 8:37. (super nikes)
  11. Why, well the battle is over, and it’s time to divide the spoils and the Servant deserves His ‘Lion’s Share’ to say the least and the LORD tells us why He deserves such large portion.
  12. The word ‘portion’ is added for clarification, it is not in the Hebrew text, that’s why the LXX leaves it out; “Therefore he shall inherit many, and he shall divide the spoils of the mighty;”
  13. Dr. Whitcomb says, “The great ones and strong ones are the saints of all ages.” (Some interpret this as Satan).
  14. They will surround Him and fight with Him in the day of His power; Ps. 2; 72; 110:5; Rev. 19:14. This truth is more about Israel than the Church, Mal. 4:3; Ps. 110:1-3.
  15. However, we do see, I Peter 1:11 and its theme expounded once again, “Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ who was in them did signify, when He testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ and the glory that should follow.” (Glory always follows suffering!)
  16. “For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us.” Rom. 8:18.
  17. Whatever you do with Isa.53:12, it has been claimed that no verse in the O.T. presents more problems than this one, and yet it is obvious that a note of triumph prevails throughout it.
  18. The speaker is God, and the Servant is the primary agent who divides the spoils of the victory with the mighty.
  19. The many and the strong are the spiritual seed mentioned in v.10; His people participate in the enjoyment of the spoils, and of His victory.
  20. Now, why is YeHoVaH going to do all this for His Servant? The rest of the verse answers that in four clauses:
  21. First: “Because He has poured out His soul unto death;”
  22. The word poured (arah) means to uncover, to empty, to make bare naked, nude, to leave destitute, to lay bare by emptying.
  23. The JPS translation has, “Because he bared his soul unto death.”
  24. Life resides in the blood and when the blood is poured out, life flows out with it. If all your blood leaves your body, you die! “Because he poured out His soul (nephesh – life, breathe) unto death;” Heb. 9:22, In the law, blood is always connected with forgiveness. (shedding of blood). Jn. 19:34
  25. Lev. 17:11 says, “For the life of the flesh is in the blood; and I have given it to you upon the altar to make atonement for your souls; for it is the blood that makes an atonement for the soul.”
  26. Rom. 3:25 says, “Whom God has set forth to be a propitiation (satisfying sacrifice, a saba) through faith in His blood (Mashiach’s), to declare His righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God;”
  27. He voluntarily did this, no man took His life, they couldn’t, it was impossible! How could any finite man, kill an infinite God? “IMPOSSIBLE!” (Deicide is pure nonsense!)
  28. If He was the infinite God-Man, He had to willingly lay it down, just like he said:
  29. John 10:17-18, “Therefore does My Father love Me because I lay down My life, that I might take it again. No Man takes it from Me, but I lay it down of Myself. I have the power to lay it down and I have the power to take it again. This commandment have I received of My Father.”
  30. The word death (lammaveth) once again is an intensive plural for deaths; refer back to v.9 for a further explanation of this word.
  31. In fact 13 times in this passage it is mentioned that this Servant bore the suffering for others. That seems to be the central theme in this passage and His mission. In the Newer Testament the central theme is the Cross!
  32. Second: “He was numbered with the transgressors;”
  33. He was numbered (mana) counted, reckoned, assigned, appointed, with the transgressors (pasha) wicked, evil, violent, rebellious criminals, or gangsters.
  34. These were not just sinners, they were malefactors Luke 12:32, evil doers, wicked, evil, destructive, ‘Bad Dudes!’ This verb is reflexive so He permitted Himself to be numbered with them.
  35. He was considered a transgressor by those who sat in judgment of Him and sentenced Him to die and to be buried in the Valley of Hinnom with the criminals; actually their bodies were just thrown on the garbage dump, for the animals to devour.
  36. However, he was accused of blasphemy and for that crime He was to be buried in a grave in the valley of Hinnom polluted with pig’s blood with His cross member to bear His shame for ever.
  37. First, He was to be crucified between two criminals because the one in the center was guilty of the most heinous of all crimes, but as per the JPS translation of v.9, “They made or assigned his grave with the wicked and his tomb with the rich;” (How ironic is that!)
  38. This prophecy was fulfilled perfectly as He was buried in a rich man’s, hand carved tomb and wrapped in an expensive linen cloth, soaked with 100 pounds of myrrh and aloes, valued at around, $50,000.00.
  39. He did not merely die ‘with’ the malefactors; He died ‘for’ them and that makes all the difference in the world! He didn’t die for His sin and rebellion, He died for ours!
  40. Third: “He bore the sin of many;”  
  41. He bore (nasa) to lift, to bear up, to carry away, or to take away; (I like that!)
  42. It is used 18 times of an armor-bearer and it’s also translated, ‘to forgive,’ (Very Interesting!)
  43. “He forgave the sin of many.” Only God can forgive sin, man can forgive a debt, he can even forgive a wrong done him, but he can not forgive sin against God’s laws or standards! Even a Supreme Court justice can’t do that!
  44. However, this Servant could do that; So, He must have been more than just a man, He must have been the infinite God-Man!
  45. This word is very different from v.11, “He shall bear (sabal) their iniquities;” There the word meant to drag along like a heavy load, to the Tree on Calvary and nail it there. Here the word means to lift it up, bear it up, take it away, not cover it up, but wash them away forever!
  46. Interesting our word today, “NASA,” stands for ‘National Aeronautics Space Administration’ or lifting up rockets, space stations and satellites into the sky. I wonder if they used the same acronym.
  47. Here we see substitutionary, vicarious atonement and forgiveness, a whole new concept, to the Jewish mind!
  48. To take away our sin forever, not cover it up (kafar) not atone for it, pacify it but ‘Eradicate It! Once and for all! Forever!
  49. This is (chet) missing the mark, an action contrary to the will and law of God, with a strong implication of guilt that follows.
  50. This Servant paid a debt He didn’t owe because we owed a debt we couldn’t pay, simple as that!
  51. The verbs relating to this vicarious sacrifice are in the perfect tense, describing a completed action.
  52. However, the verb referring to intercession is in the imperfect tense, describing incomplete action, something that continues on.
  53. Therefore, this servant meets man’s two greatest needs: the need for a Savior and the need for a High Priest.
  54. Fourth: “Made intercession for the transgressors.”
  55. He made intercession (paga) this word means to encounter, meet, reach, join, to reach the mark. It is written in the imperfect tense, meaning continuous action!
  56. This verb means to go all out on behalf of another person, to go the extra mile, to give him your cloak and your coat, don’t just give him the shirt off your back throw in your shoes too!
  57. He bore the sin (chet) of many, ‘who missed the mark,’ and here the Servant makes (paga)                                     intercession to ‘reach the mark’ for the transgressors (pesha) the rebels and revilers.
  58. We miss the mark and He hits the mark, every time! This is the present work of the Servant/Messiah right now I John 2:1; Heb. 7:25; 8:6; Isa. 53:12.
  59. However, the Servant is not just the Savior of the Scriptures, He is the Sin-Bearer of the Nations too, Isa. 52:15. Not just Israel, but the Goi’im, all the nations as well, and He is making intercession for all right now, Heb. 10:10-12; 7:25; Rev. 12:11.
  60. There is a lot more going on here with this Servant than just words regarding His high priestly intercession.
  61. He is pleading the merit and virtue of His atoning work as the only ground of acceptance for the transgressors for whom He died.
  62. The basis for the intercession is the substitutionary expiation of the Servant, who poured out His life’s blood on a Tree on Calvary to pay the penalty in full for man’s sin. (Yours and Mine!)
  63. This intercession refers not merely to prayer but includes the bearing away (nasa) of our sin. As the Redeemer, our High Priest presents the merit of His atoning blood before the ‘Throne of Mercy’ and pleads for the souls of men.
  64. Rev. 5:12 says, “Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honor, and glory, and blessing.” Far from being a transgressor this Servant was the Savior of transgressors and interceded for them at the very moment they were putting Him to death on the Tree!
  65. Luke 23:34, and cried, “Father forgive them for they know not what they do!”
  66. Some feel the intercession was more of an intervention where He took the sinners place in suffering and death!
  67. The problem with that is the imperfect tense verb for interceding; He is not continually dying for our sins but He is continually interceding on our behalf.
  68. For many whose guilt He bore, that they might understand what He has done and accept the justification He achieved when He bore their sins on the tree in, v.11.
  69. Conclusion:
  70. Franz Delitzsch stated, “The Servant of Jehovah goes through shame to glory and through death to life. He conquers when He yields; He rules after being enslaved; He lives after He has died; He completes His work after He Himself has been apparently cut-off. His glory streams upon the dark ground of the deepest humiliation…”
  71. We can only say that apart from Yeshua ha Mashiach, Jesus the Christ, it would be impossible to understand this ‘Crown Jewel’ in Isaiah and it would forever be a dark mystery with no solution.
  72. However, in the light of His life it has become the brightest jewel in Hebrew prophecy, the “Star of Hope” and the salvation of all mankind.
  73. The ‘Suffering Servant’ is revealed in ‘His High Priestly’ ministry in Isa. 53:12, “He bore the sin of many.” He became our Sin-Bearer, I Pet. 2:24; Our intercessor, Heb. 7:25; Our mediator, I Tim. 2:5; And our ‘Sin-Offering,’ II Cor. 5:21.
  74. All this led Him to the Tree on Calvary; does it lead you to the Tree? The Tree is not only an object we come to for salvation from God, it is an object we cling to for service for God!
  75. C.H. Spurgeon said, “It was as if Hell were placed in His cup and He seized it with both hands, lifted it up to His father, thanked Him for it and with one mighty draught of love, drank damnation dry.”
  76. This Servant took your Hell, that you might take His heaven, think about that…. All this Jesus Christ has done for you, what have you ever done for Him?
  77. King David was rejected and sent into exile due to Israel being in rebellion against God. He sent this message to the elders of Judah, Yeshua/Jesus sends the same message to Israel today and to every Jewish person and to us: “You are my brethren, you are my bones and my flesh. Why then are you the last to bring back the King?” II Sam. 19:12. “WHY?”
  78. “Behold My Servant!”………. Israel orMessiah? You Choose! And you must choose!  Because no decision is in fact, “A Decision of Rejection!” But choose wisely and choose decisively and choose today, tomorrow may be too late!!!
  79.           Abba, Father, help us to choose and to choose wisely, because this choice will decide where we spend eternity. We all have eternal life, that is a fact, where we spend it is a gift from You. So please, help us to choose wisely and to do it soon before it is too late. In ha shem Yeshua we pray, Amen!”

“The Servant’s Soul Satisfies, Isa. 53:11” – REVISED!

“The Servant’s Soul Satisfies – Isa. 53:11” (REVISED!)

  1. Introduction: (The likeness between these three translations is amazing!)
  2. “The Lord also is pleased to take away from the travail of his soul, to show him light, (this phrase is missing from all other trans. and manuscripts) and to form him with understanding; to justify the just one who serves many well; and he shall bear their sins.” LXX, Trans. 1978.
  3. “Of the travail of his soul he shall see to the full, even My servant, Who by his knowledge did justify the Righteous One to the many, And their iniquities he did bear.”  JPS Trans. 1917; 75.
  4. “He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied; by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities.” KJV Trans. 1967.
  5. “He shall see of the travail of His ‘soul’ and shall be satisfied;”
  6. In v.10 the Resurrection of the Servant/Messiah is in view, but in v.11 the Justification of the Servant/Messiah is in view;
  7. However, this Justification is only applied to those who have a personal knowledge and a personal relationship (yada) personal intimacy, with the Servant/Messiah.
  8. “He shall see the travail (amal – toilsome labor, misery, sorrow, grievance, anguish) of his soul (nephesh) and shall be satisfied;” This word is usually not associated with labor pains, but with iniquity and has the negative connotations of wretchedness as in, Isa. 59:4.
  9. This Servant will inherit the right to rule His kingdom, Isa. 53:12; Ps. 2:6-8; Ps. 110; Rev. 19:11-16: Why?
  10. Because He was willing to pour out His soul (nephesh) unto death;
  11. Because, He was humble enough to be numbered with transgressors;
  12. Because, He was willing to bare the sin of many, namely the world, the (kosmos);
  13. Because, He is continually making intercession on behalf of others right now.
  14. All this after the Servant is crushed, bruised, beaten and pierced through!
  15. Isaiah is looking back on vv. 1-10, on those graphic words he wrote; rejected, despised, stricken, smitten, wounded, chastised, stripped, oppressed, afflicted, slaughtered, cut-off, deaths, trespass offering, alone, marred, deformed, grief, etc.
  16. This Servant, Israel’s Messiah travailed (amal) in His soul that billions might be born of the Word and of the Spirit to His eternal joy and ours, Heb. 12:2, “Who for the joy that was set before Him, endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.” Wow! Can you fathom that? Can you really comprehend its worth or value?
  17. Heb. 12:3-4 says, “For consider (contemplate, estimate) him that endured such contradiction of sinners against himself, lest you be wearied and faint in your minds. You have not yet resisted unto blood, striving against sin.” (What did He mean by that?)
  18. The whole scope of the ‘Cup’ and its dregs are in view here, ‘The Whole Cup!’
  19. His words come to mind in the garden, “O My Father, if it be possible let this cup pass from Me; nevertheless, not as I will, but as Thou wilt.” Matt. 26:39.
  20. Again we are reminded of Matt. 26:38, the verse just before this one, “My soul (psyche) is exceedingly sorrowful (peril-oo-pos), even unto death; ” No wonder He sweat great drops of blood! (hematohidrosis) (The Soul – is the life, heart, mind, breath; the immaterial & eternal part of the inner person, the animate self, the real you!)
  21. He, YeHoVaH, the LORD GOD saw it and was satisfied, gratified, filled to repletion! (saba).
  22. Man may not be satisfied with the blood atonement, shed at Calvary, but GOD is!
  23. Satan may not be convinced of its completeness otherwise he would stop accusing believers before the Father, day and night, Rev. 12:10, but God is!
  24. Listen, if the Messiah must continually plead the merit of His own shed blood, then how much more, do we need to rest upon it, accept it and preach it for a saved, sanctified life!
  25. Rev. 12:11 says, “And they overcame him (Satan) by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of their testimony; and they loved not their lives unto death.”
  26. Can I ask you a question? Are you satisfied with the Messiah’s blood atonement, for you?
  27. This was YeHoVaH’s perfect sacrifice; A Propitiation! A Satisfying Sacrifice! God was finally, totally, SATISFIED!
  28. The Hebrew word for satisfied is (saba) It’s like an onomatopoeia, a word spelled like the sound it makes, Saba, Ahhhh!’
  29. Not just satisfied, but to have one’s full desire satisfied, to have excess satisfaction, to be satiated.
  30. The Messiah would experience an intense satisfaction at the prospect of the new name He would acquire, Savior!
  31. The salvation of mankind is on such a scale as to give complete and perfect satisfaction to God the Father, Satisfied!
  32. The Holy Spirit is completely satisfied with His new position as Comforter, Teacher, Indweller, and Pointer to Jesus Christ!
  33. Very few of us can say that word and really mean it this side of heaven (saba!) Especially the self-centered.
  34. How do we know YeHoVaH was satisfied?
  35. The veil was rent from top to bottom giving man direct access into God’s presence; the rocks were rent, the saints were sent, and the whole earth did quake, Matt. 27:50-54
  36. Then the Spirit was sent Acts 2:33, when Christ sat down on the right hand of the Father on high on Shavuot or Pentecost! (Saba – Ahhh!) Proving He was Who He said He was!

T.S.      That leads us to the second part of this amazing verse:

  1. “By His knowledge shall My Righteous Servant justify many;” 
  2. “This statement is startling both in its simplicity and in its daring. This man by what He has done will make people righteous!” (Only God can do that!)
  3. ‘My Righteous Servant’ is very emphatic in the Hebrew here, to express the absolute righteousness of God’s Servant/Messiah, (Tsadik Ehbed).
  4. The Lawful, Just, Perfect, Servant of the LORD; Remember, Isa. 52:13?
  5. “He shall be exalted, extolled and elevated.” Well here He is as the ‘Absolute Righteous Servant!’
  6. To ‘Justify the many’ means to, vindicate or declare them righteous! (Free from guilt or sin!)
  7. There is included in this plan, “The Whosoever Will,” of, I Pet. 3:18; John 3:16; Rom. 10:13.
  8. In Hebrew, it means to save, but how? By the sprinkling (nazah) of His blood, Isa. 52:15.
  9. Whatever else you see in this verse, you must see Justification, which is being made right with God! (Comp. Rom. 4:24-25 & II Cor. 5:21, of the N.T. – ‘Right Standing With God!’)
  10. He died for our sin and salvation, but He arose for our Justification; This is the ‘Great Transaction’ of the Bible!
  11. He took our sin and we took His righteousness; In a sense we exchanged garments, our filthy rags, for His robes of righteousness.
  12. By His perfect knowledge (Whose knowledge? The Servant/Messiah’s knowledge!) and His understanding of YeHoVaH’s plan of redemption and His own role in it. He voluntarily went to Calvary and died on the Tree, becoming a curse for us! Gal. 3:13.
  13. So, in this sense obedience on His part, ‘Justifies the many, namely us.’ Rom. 5:19; Phil. 2:8.
  14. Now, to be Justified, (Tsadak) means to be righteous, innocent, vindicated, in accordance with God’s standard implying innocence and His standard is a blood sacrifice, Lev. 17:11.
  15. Several scholars believe that the phrase, “By His knowledge…” refers to, knowledge of Him, the Servant/Messiah. With the idea of being fully acquainted with Him and His plan of salvation.
  16. The Paleo Hebrew word for knowledge is made up of two letters, dalet for door and ayin for eye; to see beyond the door, or to see on the other side of the door.
  17. The word knowledge in Greek is evidently used in a larger sense to denote all that constitutes acquaintance with Him. Phil. 3:10 states, “That I may know Him, (ginosko – experiential knowledge) and the power of His resurrection and the fellowship of His sufferings…”
  18. It is by knowing the Redeemer personally that men are saved. The Servant/Messiah does not save sinners by their enlightenment of Him but by His atoning sacrifice for them.
  19. Yet none are saved who do not know Him as their personal Savior by faith alone.
  20. It is only by the knowledge of the Messiah and by an acquaintance of His character, doctrines, sufferings, death and resurrection that anyone can be justified.
  21. John 17:3 says, “And this is life eternal, that they might know Thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom Thou hast sent.”
  22. We have to become acquainted with Him and His doctrines or we can never be regarded or treated as righteous in the sight of a holy God.

T.S.      Now how did He accomplish this task?

  1. “For He shall bear their iniquities.”  

            A.        Once again Isaiah gives us the very basis by which the Servant alone can make many righteous.

  1. The word bear is the word (sabal) to bear a heavy load or burden, to drag something along. Oh, how heavy our sin is!
  2. Their iniquities (avon) not His own, ours, yours and mine! He had to drag our stinking sin to the Tree at Calvary and nail it there! Col. 2:14.
  3. In fact in Hebrew (pasha) is crossing the line, rebellion; (chet) is missing the mark, omission; (avon) iniquity is perverted, depraved, crookedness. It comes from the word (avah) to bend, twist or distort. Here all three are in view and used in this context.
  4. How does He bare our sin? By being our ‘Sin-Bearer,’ Our Saviour; Our Redeemer, Joel 2:32, “And it shall come to pass that whosoever shall call on the name of the LORD shall be delivered (malat – saved);” And by removing the ‘Sin-Barrier’ that has separated us from God, Isa. 59:1-2.
  5. He is both Just and Justifier, Rom. 3:26, “To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness, that he might be just and the justifier of him who believes in Yeshua/Jesus.”
  6. The most mysterious and yet the most glorious thing about the death of Yeshua/Jesus is that He was God’s sacrificial Lamb!
  7. In the same way, in which we cannot begin to comprehend, He took our place on the Tree, bearing the righteous judgment of God against our sin. We know so little of this sacrifice.
  8. It was not merely submission; it was direct, positive, consecration of His entire being and soul!
  9. As if He placed Himself on the altar and became Himself the sacrificing Holy Priest.
  10. This was not some martyr, or frustrated Jew dying for some cause, this was the ‘Lamb of God’ John 1:29, dying for all mankind; The fulfillment of Gen. 22:8, “My son, God will provide Himself (as) a lamb for a burnt offering: so they went both of them together.”
  11. But God provided a ram (ah-yil) not a lamb (sey) that day on Moriah. Also the word Himself in Hebrew is a reflexive pronoun pointing back to God Himself, in Gen. 22:8.
  12. In Jn. 8:56 Jesus said, “Abraham rejoiced to see My day and he saw it and was glad.”
  13. When did he see it, on Mt Moriah, with his son Isaac, in the Angel of The LORD.
  14. On the same note, Justification is only applied to those who have a personal knowledge and a personal relationship with God’s Servant; Only those who have experienced the, ‘New Birth!’
  15. This last phrase in v.11, like the first one goes beyond the Messiah’s finished work and points to His continuous work of mediation. Heb. 7:25; 8:6; Isa. 53:12.
  16. We are not declared righteous like it was magic and He had some mystical, magical powers but He, “…bore our sins, in His own body on the tree, that we being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness; by whose stripes you were healed.” I Peter 2:24.
  17. He bore our sins in His own body on the Tree, can you fathom that? Can you even begin to comprehend the immensity of that concept?
  18. A holy, perfect, incarnate God, bore your sin so you could be justified, not just forgiven and forgotten for all your filthy rags Isa. 64:6, but paid for in full, to the last farthing!
  19. “For Christ also has once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that He might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh but made alive by the Spirit;” I Peter 3:18.
  20. As Jesus said to Nicodemus, a Pharisee, a member of the Sanhedrin and ‘The Teacher of Israel,’ “Except a man be born again (anothen – from above) he cannot see the kingdom of God.” Jn. 3:3.
  21. Conclusion:
  22. Isaiah doesn’t want to leave a shadow of a doubt as to how and why this ‘Righteous Servant’ can and does make people ‘Righteous’ before God.
  23. God is totally satisfied with the travail of His soul. Why? He made Him a sin offering in v.10.
  24. Then, by His knowledge whether subjective or objective and I will leave that for you to figure out this Servant justified many; Second by His vicarious atonement, He bore our iniquities.
  25. This is not symbolic, this Servant actually suffered for all the sins ever committed and by virtue of that fact, He’s able to declare all those who will accept His offering as Righteous before God!
  26. This ‘Righteous Servant’ stands in the place of God and offers a pardon that only the “Sinless One” could ever offer. Isa. 51:4-6; II Cor. 5:21.
  27. You can’t help but cry out with the Seraphim, “Holy, Holy, Holy is the LORD God Almighty!”

 

“The Servant’s Soul Satisfies, Isa. 53:11” – REVISED!  5/22/14

“The Servant’s Soul Suffers – Isa. 53:10” – REVISED!

“The Servant’s Soul Suffers – Isa. 53:10”  – REVISED!

  1. Introduction:
  2. “The Lord also is pleased to purge him from his stroke. If ye can give an offering for sin, your soul shall see long-lived seed:” Septuagint Version, (LXX) Sir Lancelot Brenton.
  3. “Yet it pleased the LORD to crush him by disease; To see if his soul would offer itself in restitution; That he might see his seed, prolong his days, And that the purpose of the LORD might prosper by his hand.” Isa. 53:10, JPS Trans. 1975.
  4. “Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he has put him to grief. When thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.” KJV Trans. 1967.
  5. We see, “The Servant Exalted” in Isaiah 52:13-15; “The Servant Despised” in Isaiah 53:1-3; “The Servant Wounded” in Isaiah 53:4-6; “The Servant Executed” in Isaiah 53:7-9;
  6. And now “The Servant Satisfied” in Isaiah 53:10-12, or ‘The Satisfaction of The Servant’ or ‘The Servant Satisfies God’s Holy Demands for Sin.’
  7. In v.10 we see the Servant’s Resurrection; In v.11 we will see the Servant’s Justification; And in v.12 we will see the Servant’s Imputation.
  8. In this last portion we will also see the Servant’s continued mediatorship in heaven as well as His continued efficacious (the power to produce the desired effect!) sacrifice for our sins.

T.S,      This song began on a victory note in Isa. 52:13 and it will end on that same note in Isa. 53:12.

  1. “Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise Him; He has put Him to grief.”
  2. Yet it pleased, delighted the LORD (YHWH) YeHoVaH, the God of Redemption to bruise Him; To utterly crush Him, (daw-kaw) to break or beat Him into pieces, to shatter Him.
  3. This is the same word you have in v. 5, “He was bruised for our iniquities;” crushed like a worm under your foot. This is a brutal word, to crush, beat, stamp, grind and pulverize into dust.
  4. It is used six times in the Older Testament and only once in the Newer Testament in Rom. 16:20, “And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Amen!”
  5. Oh how God hates sin, Amen? How much do you hate it? I John 1:9.
  6. The word pleased here, does not mean that the LORD was emotionally delighted in the Servant’s suffering. I don’t think the LORD, YeHoVaH is delighted emotionally when we suffer; Glorified Yes! Delighted – Never! Rom. 8:18 says, “For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us.” (Wow! Brood on that!)
  7. When the word ‘pleased’ is used in this way it’s clearly referring to the LORD’s will and purpose being fulfilled. This is judicial satisfaction of the law, and of God’s holiness.
  8. “He (God) has put Him (Christ the Messiah) to grief (hala).” In the ‘Dead Sea Scrolls’ the word grief is translated “Pierced;” To be mortally wounded (1 Q Is.). Franz Delitzch says, “It pleased YeHoVaH to smite Him painfully.” In short, God permitted this outrage!
  9. Isaiah 1:11-15 says, “God had no pleasure in burnt offerings, sacrifices and incense; they were a vain oblation and an abomination.” Why? His holiness wasn’t being satisfied! (READ)
  10. You see, the LORD YeHoVaH was responsible for the Servant’s death, not the Jewish people, not the Roman’s, not the Gentile’s. Only God Himself is qualified to provide salvation. Amen?     He’s had it with the Jewish people and their religious rituals! How about us and ours?
  11. So, the Servant’s death was not accidental or man made! In fact it was preplanned before the foundation of the earth:
  12. Acts 2:23, “Him being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God;”
  13. I Peter 1:20 says, “Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world;”
  14. Rev. 13:8 says, “And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him (the beast v.1, 2, 3, 4) whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.”
  15. Ps. 113 & 114 are sung at the beginning of Passover and Ps. 115-118 are sung at the end.
  16. Psalm 118:22-24 says, “The stone which the builders refused is become the head of the corner. This is the LORD’s doing, it is marvelous in our eyes. This is the day which the LORD has made; we will rejoice and be glad in it.” (We sing that chorus today, at least we used to!)
  17. This Day, refers to Calvary and the Cross. God did not go around it or circumvent it and neither can we. Yeshua/Jesus said, ‘You have to go to the Tree to get to Me!’
  18. Col. 2:14 states, “Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and (He) took it out of the way, nailing it to His cross.” (You can’t have a more graphic picture of the Servant fulfilling God’s law for you, all of it!)
  19. God’s divine plan for redemption not only included the blood of animals to ‘Cover’ sin Lev. 17:11, but also a permanent plan to remove sin forever, ‘FORGIVENESS!!’
  20. Study Hebrews chapter 10 in the Newer Testament sometime, it is such an amazing chapter, v. 4 says, “For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins.”
  21. And it certainly is not ‘Tashlikh‘ (casting off) on Rosh Hashanah, Micah 7:19; Then how?
  22. The LORD appointed the Servant’s soul to be an ‘Offering for Sin.’
  23. “When Thou shalt make His soul (neph-esh) an offering for sin,” 
  24. A trespass offering, an (a-sham) a guilt offering, a compensating payment!
  25. This is the only direct mention in all of the Scriptures where the Messiah was specifically stated to be our trespass-offering!
  26. An (a-sham) was distinct from all other sacrifices; it was made by the individual for any wrong he had done. It released him from guilt set him free and made full compensation, Lev. 5:15-16.
  27. The idea is satisfaction demanded by God’s Holiness and restitution required by God’s law.
  28. To be a Sin-offering you had to be Sin-less, perfect in every way, not one blemish (amomos) without spot, that was the requirement. Does Isaiah 1:4-6 sound like perfection when speaking of Israel? (Read it!) Then how could they be the Servant and thus the Trespass-offering?
  29. The Jewish Bible uses the word ‘Restitution’ which is full, total compensation. Sold to pay the full debt, to the last farthing!
  30. In Greek, the word is (tetelestai) paid in full, that was the 8th saying of Yeshua/Jesus from the tree, John 19:30; “It is Finished!” Or more appropriately, “FINISHED!!”
  31. Propitiation is a $10.00 Greek word that basically means, ‘Satisfying Sacrifice.’ It appears four times in the N.T. twice as the means of propitiation (hilasmos) I John 2:2; & 4:10 and twice as the place of propitiation (hilasterion) Rom. 3:25; & Heb. 9:5. (A very interesting study!)
  32. The word atonement in Hebrew (ka-far) basically means to cover to coat, to cover with pitch, to pacify, appease, to atone for. However, it was never intended to ‘Remove Sin!’ Never!  Only to cover and pacify temporarily! (Like a nuk/pacifier for a newborn waiting for their bottle).
  33. The idea is not that the sinner offers up the Servant’s soul but that the Messiah offers up His own soul as a ‘Trespass Offering!’ An (a-sham) to make full, complete restitution, full compensation, once and for all!
  34. The Hebrew word for ‘Restitution’ is (salem) and can be translated, “It is finished, completed, fulfilled, paid in full!” Just like, John 19:30 – (tetelestai).
  35. II Cor. 5:21 says, “For He (God)  has made Him (Christ) who knew no sin, to be sin for us, that we might be made the righteousness of God in Him.”
  36. What does that mean? To be made sin for us? Can you fathom that? A holy, pure, righteous, sinless, God being made sin! Can you?
  37. What do we know about sin and about the effect it would have on the soul of a perfectly sinless person, especially if that person was the, ‘Son of God? Nothing!
  38. Now you know why he prayed three times in the ‘Garden of The Olive Press’ for the cup to be removed and why He sweat great drops of blood (hematohidrosis). Not like blood but, BLOOD!
  39. In Matt. 26:38 He said, “My soul (psyche) is exceedingly sorrowful, even unto death; tarry here and watch with Me.” Why?
  40. His soul is about to be made a ‘Trespass Offering’ and He is ‘Exceedingly Sorrowful’ (peril-oo-pos) even unto death, overcome with sorrow, so much so as to cause one’s death! Wow!
  41. I am having trouble wrapping my mind around this.  Matt. 20:28 helps to reinforce this truth, “He came to give His life a ransom for many.” Ransom (lu-tron) to fully pay the price to redeem.
  42. You see it was not just the physical suffering that made propitiation for our sin, but what He also endured in His holy, spotless, pure, sinless soul when it became our sin-offering.
  43. That’s why the cry from Psalm 22:1, “My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?” (Eli, Eli, lama sabach’thanai? Matt. 27:46) He was forsaken, that we might be received! “Forsaken!”

1.         This is the only time in recorded Scripture where He referred to God, not as His Father!

  1. Isa. 53:10, 11, and 12 all refer to the ‘soul’ (neph-esh) of this Servant, Israel’s Messiah! And His ‘Trespass Offering’ produced three eternal results:
  2. One – He shall see His seed; Two – He shall prolong His days; and Three – The pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in His hand.”
  3. 1st, “He shall see His seed;” He shall see His posterity, His numerous spiritual offspring, you and me! Some Rabbi’s say, “This can’t refer to the Messiah’s off-spring and especially Yeshua/Jesus because He never had any children.”
  4. Read the context, this verse specifically says the offspring will follow His death and therefore must refer to spiritual children. (Cut-off – ga-zar – v. 8; deaths – ma-veth – v. 9)
  5. Also compare John 12:24; Heb. 2:10-13; Isa. 9:6; Ps. 22:30; Isa. 65:25; Mal. 2:15, etc
  6. 2nd, “He shall prolong His days;” He shall live long days; For He shall live by dying, Jn 12:24;
  7. Isa. 9:6 refers to Him as, ‘Abbi Ad,’ Father of Eternity. The Midrash says, ‘The son in Isaiah 7:14 is the same son in Isaiah 9:6 with eight names.’
  8. In their Tenach/Bible they transliterate these names, they don’t translate them, they are too Holy, “Pele; Joez; El; Gibbor; Abi; Ad; Sar; Shalom;”
  9. So, if those are eight names for God, then the Son in Isa.7:14, the one born of a virgin (almah) must also be God, Emmanuel, “God with us.”
  10. What a strange paradox, the Servant dies yet God will prolong His days.
  11. In Rev. 1:18, Yeshua/Jesus says, “I am He that lives and was dead and behold I am alive for evermore, Amen;”
  12. His resurrection, ascension and exaltation are all in view in Isa. 53:10-12.
  13. Compare Solomon’s long days in I Kings 3:14 with the Messiah’s here and in Acts 2:24.
  14. The grave couldn’t hold Him; Death couldn’t keep Him; Hell couldn’t stand Him; And heaven couldn’t wait for Him! Hallelujah!
  15. 3rd, “The pleasure (purpose, will) of the LORD shall prosper in or through His hand.” How? Well, for one! He fulfilled the whole council of God by willingly offering His soul as a ‘Trespass Offering’ and that was a big ONE! There are many, but here are four more ways he pleased God;

1 – Through the service of His mediation, I Tim. 2:5; Heb. 7:25; Isa. 53:12;

2 – Through the sacrifice of His body & soul which can never be repeated, I Jn. 2:2; Heb. 10:12;

3 – Through the sanctification of His bride, the church, Heb. 2:10-11; 10:10; 13:12; I Cor. 6:11;

4 – Through the salvation of all mankind, Acts 4:12; Jn. 14:6; Joel 2:32; Ps. 116:12-13; I Jn. 2:2.

D.        Therefore, He and He alone effects the ultimate success of YeHoVaH’s program and this success                                   was sealed at Calvary where He cried triumphantly from the Cross, (tetelestai) “FINISHED!”

  1. Isaiah saw it, Daniel saw it, Hosea, Joel, Amos etc, saw it, but the question is; Do you see it?
  2. He shall see His seed (zera) descendants; He shall prolong (arak) draw out, lengthen, defer His days; His days will be unending; And the will of the LORD shall prosper (salah) be powerful, be victorious, come forcefully and grant prosperity.
  3. When? After He makes His soul (neph-esh) His breath, His life force, seat of His emotions, the immaterial part of His person; A Sin-Offering, an (a-sham) a ‘Trespass Offering’ and not before.
  4. Another promise from YeHoVaH: One – “Not a bone will be broken.” Ps. 34:20; Two – “He would not leave His soul in sheol or let His body see corruption (sahat-decay);” Psalm 16:10.
  5. He was put in a rich man’s cold, stone tomb on Friday evening before sundown, before Sabbath, and arose very early in the morning, just before sunrise on Sunday, the first day of the week.
  6. Thus fulfilling the culture and custom of Judaism which says, “Any part of a day or night is considered a day and a night.” (Alfred Edersheim).
  7. Also Scripture is very clear that He would arise on the third day, not after the third day.
  8. Conclusion:
  9. The resurrection of Israel’s Messiah is the Keystone, the Capstone, and the Cornerstone of their faith and the bottom line of Christianity. Prove it wrong and Christianity sinks like the Titanic.
  10. However, I must warn you, it still remains the greatest attested fact of history in the world today!
  11. In fact it is the apex, the vertex, the summit, the pinnacle, the zenith, which holds Christianity above every other religion in the world. It is the “Sine qua non” of Christianity!
  12. Jesus Christ of Nazareth is the only major world religious leader Whoever claimed to be God and the only world religious leader Whoever physically arose from the dead and ascended into heaven and it was witnessed by over 500 people at once. (500 people don’t hallucinate at once)
  13. There’s still enough empirical evidence to prove it beyond a reasonable shadow of a doubt today.
  14. In fact any person, who sets out to prove the resurrection of Jesus Christ is false, with an open mind, will become a believer not only in the resurrection but in Jesus Christ; and if they are truly honest with themselves and God, they will become a follower of Jesus Christ too!
  15. Paul said in, I Cor. 15:12-19, “Without it, the resurrection, we are of all men, most miserable.”

“The Servant’s Soul Suffers – Isa. 53:10” – REVISED!   5/22/14

“The Servant’s Illogical Burial – Isa. 53:9 – REVISED!” – 3/24/14

“The Servant’s Illogical Burial – Isa. 53:9 – REVISED!” – 3/24/14

 

  1. Introduction:

 

  1. “And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death (intensive plural) because he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth.” KJV

 

  1. “And they made his grave with the wicked, And with the rich his tomb; Although he had done no violence, Neither was any deceit in his mouth.” Isaiah 53:9, JPS Trans. 1955.

 

  1. Actually the verb (made) is an impersonal, passive and is very important, “they made, appointed, or assigned his grave with the wicked.”

 

  1. Wicked, evil, blasphemers, robbers, malefactors, mobsters, were not buried; they were cast on the garbage dump for the animals to devour, in the Valley of Hinnom, (Heb – Ge-Hinnom; Grk Ge-Henna) destination of the wicked.

 

  1. Yeshua/Jesus used this word 11 times in the Newer Testament, Mark 9:44-48.

 

  1. The Jewish leaders planned to disgrace Him as was their custom for, ‘persona non grata’ for an unwelcome person.

 

  1. Josephus wrote in ‘Antiquities of the Jews,’ “He that blasphemes God, let him be stoned and let him hang upon a tree all that day and then let him be buried in an ignominious (despicable, disgraceful, shameful, dishonorable) and obscure manner.”

 

  1. Matt. 26:65, “Then the high priest tore his clothes, saying, He has spoken blasphemy! What further need have we of witnesses? Behold, now ye have heard his blasphemy.”

 

  1. They made plans for his body, to bury it with the wicked, but God had other plans!

 

  1. The Newer Testament speaks nothing of these plans, thus confirming the inspiration of the Scriptures and allowing the Older Testament to illuminate the Newer Testament.

 

  1. After His death, the Messiah was buried in a rich man’s tomb which is written in the Jewish Scriptures, Isaiah 53:9 which was obviously part of God’s plan but not part of the Jewish leaders plan at that time but all four Gospels record this event.

 

  1. “And he/they made His grave with the wicked,”

 

  1. And ‘They’ (plural) made His grave with the wicked (resha’im) plural, ‘ungodly, wicked men.’

 

  1. He was crucified with criminals so He could be buried with them, that was the law.

 

  1. In fact the most wicked or the greatest offender was always put in the middle.

 

  1. The word made (nathan) means, to give, assign, appoint, set up, dedicate, or designate. So they assigned or designated His grave with the wicked, evil, ungodly (rasha’im) criminals.

 

  1. These were guilty men, hostile to God and man, and after their execution their bodies were dragged out of town and thrown on the garbage heap for the rats and rodents to consume.
  2. Except for the sin of, ‘Blaspheme.’ For that crime a grave was dug in the valley of Ge-Hinnom, the garbage dump and polluted with pig’s blood.

 

  1. The executed victim was then buried in it with his cross member to bear his shame (olam) for eternity. “Humanity vented its spleen in vicious treatment of God’s Holy One.” They held nothing back!

 

  1. However, after that spear pierced Messiah’s side, nothing but hands of love would ever touch His body again and God the Father would make sure of that!

 

  1. The priests wanted His body, so they could bury it in the assigned grave and pleaded with Pilate for it, but his wife (Claudia) also interceded on the Messiah’s behalf. Matt. 27:19

 

  1. Joseph of Arimathaea a very rich man and Nicodemus a Pharisee, a ruler of the Jews, a master teacher of Israel and a very powerful man also pleaded for His body and they won Pilate’s approval after the Centurion’s testimony, Mark 15:39.

 

  1. Normally a criminal’s death would warrant a criminal’s grave, dragged out of the city and thrown on the garbage dump for animals and worms to consume. However, God intervenes and honors this Servant because His death was substitutionary and His life, totally sinless.

 

  1. Psalm 16:10 says, “For Thou wilt not leave my soul in sheol, (O.T. place of the departed, in other words he will be resurrected) neither wilt Thou permit Thine Holy One to see corruption (sha-chat – decay; he’ll be in that grave a very short time, less than 40 hrs?).”

 

  1. “And (but/yet) with the rich in His death,”

 

  1. The JPS, translation says; “And with the rich His tomb.” His grave was appointed or assigned and polluted with pig’s blood in the garbage dump in the valley of Hinnom with the criminals!

 

  1. Gehenna is a place in the valley of Hinnom where in ancient times human sacrifices were offered (2 Chron. 33:6; Jer 7:31) and where continuous burning of rubbish illustrated for the Jewish people, unending punishment of the wicked.

 

  1. This word occurs in Matt. 5:22, 29, 30; 10:28; 18:9; 23:15, 33; Mk. 9:43, 45, 47; Lk. 12:5 and Jam. 3:6. In every instance except one the word was spoken by Yeshua/Jesus in the most solemn warning of the consequences of sin.

 

  1. He described it as the place where, “the worm never dies and the fire is never quenched.” Mk. 9:44. The expression is identical in meaning to the “lake of fire” Rev. 19:20; 20:10;

 

  1. But He would be buried in a rich man’s tomb, how ironic! Now there is a Hebrew paradox or oxymoron!

 

  1. With the rich (asir) a wealthy person, how wealthy? Very wealthy!

 

  1. Well the Jewish Encyclopedia identifies a Nicodemus Ben Gorion as a wealthy, respected member of the ‘Peace Party’ of the first century who had miraculous powers.

 

  1. Then you have Joseph of Arimathaea whose unfinished garden tomb was given to the Messiah to be buried in and never used again. NEVER!
  2. Then you have the wrapping in fine linen and 100 pound weight of spices; myrrh and aloes. Myrrh cost about $400.00 a pound at that time, so 100 pounds of spices cost over $40,000.00.

 

  1. However, Nicodemus came to Yeshua/Jesus by night in John 3, then he stood up to defend Him in John 7, but in John 19 he is pleading for His body in public in daylight, before witnesses.

 

  1. Then he buries the body at a great cost and that cost was his position in the Sanhedrin as a Pharisee, and his position and privilege in the Temple and community as ‘The Master Teacher’ in Israel and a ruler among the Jewish people.
  1. John 3:10, “Jesus answered, and said unto him, “Art thou the master/teacher of Israel and knowest not these things?” The (ha didaskalos) this word implies authority over his followers and is used of Jesus in John 4:31; 8:4; 9:2; 11:8; 13:13; 20:16 etc

 

  1. The cost of influence and affluence was probably far greater to Nicodemus than the cost of silver and gold was to Joseph of Arimathaea.

 

  1. “In His death,” (ma-veth) death by violence as a penalty and it is an intensive plural, “deaths!”

 

  1. This form emphasizes severe intensity and suggests a death so unthinkable that it is to be compared with dying again, and again, and again, and again…

 

  1. God uses the same word speaking to the Prince of Tyre in Ezek. 28:10, “Thou shalt die the deaths of the uncircumcised by the hand of strangers, for I have spoken it, saith the Lord GOD.”

 

  1. Again, in Jer. 16:4 the LORD speaking to Jeremiah concerning Judah says, “They shall die of grievous deaths; they shall not be lamented, neither shall they be buried, but they shall be as dung upon the face of the earth;”

 

  1. Today we would call this dying a “thousand deaths!” But He died billions of deaths!

 

  1. Just another glimpse into the infinite bitterness of the cup of Almighty God’s wrath the Messiah lifted with both hands in the garden and drank to the very dregs for all mankind.

 

  1. There could be no accidental fulfillment of such a prediction! He was executed between two criminals, to make sure He would have a criminal burial, that was the law, and He was buried in a rich man’s tomb.

 

  1. This was all foretold 700 years before it literally happened, what are the chances?

 

  1. “Because/Although He had done no violence, neither was any deceit in His mouth.”

 

  1. The Hebrew Bible uses the word, ‘Although’ which gives a better emphasis to this phrase;

 

  1. “Although (Even Though) He had done no violence (hamas) wrong, damage, injustice, unrighteousness, cruelty, malice;” He had done nothing wrong, in other words, He was innocent!

 

  1. “Neither was any deceit (mirma) deception, dishonesty, treachery, guile, falsehood or craftiness in His mouth.” (“when selfish evil tries to masquerade as justice it prepares its own unmasking” )

 

  1. This Servant spoke only the Truth and nothing but the Truth, in fact He was the Truth, John 14:6.

 

  1. Peter in the Newer Testament verifies this prophecy in I Peter 2:22 speaking of the Messiah, “Who did no sin, neither was guile found in His mouth.”

 

  1. Again Peter verifies His innocence in I Peter 1:19, “But with the precious blood of Mashiach, as of a lamb (amnos – lambkin) without blemish and without spot.”

 

  1. Without blemish (amomos) faultless, unblamable, perfect; Complete innocence; He committed no crime in word, thought or deed. He was perfect!

 

2.         And without spot ( aspilos) spotless, irreproachable, unsullied and unspotted!

 

  1. This Servant was given an honorable burial after His dishonorable death because of His perfect honorable innocence, that’s what it says, PERIOD!

 

  1. Pilate’s wife called Him a ‘Just Man’ Matt. 27:19; Pilate called Him a ‘Just Person’ Matt. 27:24 and said, “I find no fault in Him.” The thief hanging next to Him said, “This man has done nothing amiss.”

 

  1. “Then answered all the people” and they made a profound statement or self judgment, “His blood be upon us and on our children.” Matt. 27:25.

 

  1. Here is this Servant, Israel’s Messiah, innocent and devoid of guile or deceit. Oppressed; Tried Illegally; Humiliated; Arrested Illicitly; and Brutally Slaughtered! How does he respond?

 

  1. Listen to His complaining, His whining, His gripping, His belly aching, His grumbling and He certainly had reason for all of it!

 

  1. LISTEN….Do you hear anything? You mean, He is not complaining, demanding His rights, a fair trial, a good Jewish lawyer, clean sheets, a drink, a phone call, an appeal? NO! Silence!

 

  1. However, the Messiah does speak eight times in fact and eight is the number for the Messiah. “The Eight Sayings from The Cross:”

 

1.         Luke 23:34, “Father forgive them for they know not what they do.” (Ten Words)

 

2.         Matt. 27:46, “My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?” (Nine Words)

 

3.         Luke 23:43, “Today shalt thou be with Me in paradise.” (Eight Words)

 

4.         Luke 23:46, “Father into Your hands I commend My spirit.” (Eight Words)

 

5.         John 19:26, “Woman, behold thy son!” (Four Words)

 

6.         John 19:27, “Behold thy mother!” (Three Words – To the disciple whom He loved)

 

7.         John 19:28, “I thirst!” (Two Words)

 

8.         John 19:30, “It is finished!” (Three Words)

 

  1. Conclusion:

 

  1. You know in light of the cross and all that Israel’s Messiah has done for you and me, isn’t it a shame you and I live the way we do? Such paltry, cheap, shabby, pitiful lives?

 

  1. Doing just enough to get by, giving just enough to appease our conscience. Do you give enough to get by or do you get by so you can give enough? It makes a ‘BIG’ difference, doesn’t it?

 

  1. Philosophers say, “If a virtuous man would come along the world would look up to him and follow him.” Socrates said, “Nay my friend, he would be hated, despised, persecuted and killed!”

 

  1. What a coincidence! And as my Rabbi says, “Coincidence is not a Kosher word!”

 

  1. So what should our reaction be to all of this? First – Faith in His sacrifice; Second – Imitation of His example; Third – Remembrance of His love; Fourth – Exaltation of His glory!

 

  1. Don’t you think it’s time we moved to the victory side of the tree and stopped our belly aching, whining, complaining and our pity parties? Don’t you?

 

  1. This Servant, bankrupted heaven for us and we throw in our two bucks and feel we did our part!

 

  1. Charles Wesley said, “If you doubt Christ’s claims are real, you need to sit next to a dying Christian and a dying atheist just one time in your life and you will be convinced He is who He claimed to be!”

 

  1. Just one time, and watch them die, and listen to their final words! They are usually the same, “Oh my God!”

 

  1. One as they realize they have been wrong all their life; The other as they realize they have been right all their life! One is a cry of elation, euphoria, rapture and eternal life; The other is a cry of despair, doom, despondency and eternal damnation!

 

  1. How could a prophet, 700 hundred years before an event, predict that one would be executed as a malefactor, with other malefactors, to be buried with them; then predict that he would be rescued from such a despicable, humiliating burial by the intervention of a rich man and be buried in a grave designated for a man of influence in the manner in which the wealthy are buried! Absurd!

 

  1. This was not some accident in history, a mistake made by misinformed leadership; of an innocent man, in the wrong place, at the wrong time, Who was executed by mistake!

 

  1. This Servant’s purpose in living, dying and offering Himself as a sinless sacrifice, was in order that through Him you and I might have our sins atoned for that we might come to know (yada) God on an intimate level and be made righteous in His sight! II Cor. 5:21.

 

  1. As one author put it, “Only when people make a sin offering of Him (The Servant) is the point of this whole operation realized; then He (God) can breathe a sigh of satisfaction (saba).” Isa. 53:11

 

  1. He also stated, “As a result of all this one day; This distorted, ignored, crushed Son of Man will wear a victor’s wreath and all the other victors will throw theirs down at His feet.” Hallelujah!

 

  1. “And they assigned His grave with the wicked, and with the rich His tomb…” Isa. 53:9a, JPS

“The Servant’s Illogical Burial – Isa. 53:9 – REVISED!” – 3/24/14

“The Servant’s Illicit Arrest” Isa. 53:7 – REVISED!” – 3/24/14

“The Servant’s Illicit Arrest” Isa. 53:7 – REVISED!” – 3/24/14

  1. Introduction:
  2. For almost 1,400 years ‘Passover Lambs’ were killed pointing forward to ‘Something.’
  3. Giving only a cryptic, silent witness of the (owth) in Exodus 12:13, a sign of something or someone greater to come. “And the blood shall be to you for a token (owth – sign of something greater to come) upon the houses where you are; and when I see the blood, I will pass over you.”
  4. Now that ‘Someone, that Something’ is finally revealed in Isaiah 53:7 and it is “The Servant; The Messiah” of Israel;
  5. He was oppressed, and He was afflicted, yet He opened not His mouth; He is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so He opened not His mouth.”
  6. From Isaiah 53:7 to John 1:29 in the Newer Testament there is but one single, solitary step!
  7. John the Baptizer is standing in the Jordan River baptizing people and he sees Yeshua/Jesus of Nazareth coming to him and he states, “Behold (ide – Look! Lo! See! Behold!), the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world.”
  8. In Gen. 22:8 Abraham answered Isaac and said, “My son, God will provide Himself (as) a lamb for a burnt offering;”
  9. The word ‘Himself’ is a reflexive pronoun in the Hebrew text pointing back to God.
  10. In Jn. 8:56, Yeshua said, “Abraham rejoiced to see My day and He saw it and was glad!”
  11. We now come to the termination, the grand finale, or the consummation of the Servant!
  12. The (coup de grace) if you will, or the ‘stroke of mercy!’ As, Webster calls it, “The deathblow or shot, to end the suffering of one mortally wounded, a decisive finishing blow, act or event.”
  13. In v. 7 we have, ‘The Servant’s Trial;’ In v. 8, we have, ‘The Servants Death;’ And in v. 9 we have, ‘The Servants Burial.’ In this stanza we have the servant “Cut-Off!”
  14. All prearranged, preplanned, predetermined, preordained, before occurring, before creation, before time, before life, before light! In fact, it sounds more like history than prophecy!
  15. Hebrews 9:26 says, “For then must He often have suffered since (apo – from or before) the foundation of the world.” (Who? The Messiah; The Servant, Heb. 9:24)
  16. Again in Rev. 13:8 it says, “The Lamb slain before the foundation of the world.”
  17. You see, our salvation, our redemption, yours and mine, was not an after thought of the Almighty, it was a fore-thought.
  18. Our sin did not catch Him by surprise or off guard! He knew all about Genesis 3! He knew Adam would sin and He created him anyway, now that is LOVE!
  19. An unconditional commitment, to an imperfect person. Real love has nothing to do with feelings; it’s about an unconditional commitment, and an eternal covenant!
  20. Isaiah 53:7 shows us the voluntary submission of the Servant of the LORD to a lost, hell bound dying world.
  21. It was His will to go to the tree, not because it was fun but because it had to be done.
  22. It was preordained before the foundation of the world, as seen in, Mark 14:21, “The Son of man indeed goes as it is written of Him; but woe to that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed! Good were it for that man if he had never been born.” (Speaking of Judas Iscariot)
  23. Judas Iscariot – Judas means ‘praised;’ and Iscariot means man from Kerioth or ‘man of the assassins’ so together his name means, “Praised man of the Assassins.”
  24. Indwelt by Satan himself John 13:27 in the upper-room to carry out his diabolical plot.
  25. There was a council in heaven before the foundation of the world and the ‘Servant’ said, “I’ll Go, I’ll be the Lamb, the Pascha, The Sacrifice!” Acts 2:22-23; I Pet. 1:20.
  26. It is very important to note that it was at this verse, Isa. 53:7-8 that Philip lead the Ethiopian Eunuch to the Messiah, Acts 8:32 and it goes on to say that, “He preached unto to him Jesus.”
  27. So in the third stanza of our “Crown Jewel” Isaiah considers the cosequences of having the sins of “All of us” fall on this Servant:

1.         This Servant was submissive unto death without a complaint like a butchered lamb!

2.         This Servant was unjustly cut-off due to other peoples sins, not His own!

3.         This Servant died and was buried even though He was innocent!

  1. “He was oppressed, and He was afflicted, yet He opened not His mouth;”
  2. Interesting, you have the masculine singular pronoun seven times in this verse, five times as He and twice as His. Never once as a feminine plural to refer to a group of people such as Israel!
  3. The word oppressed in Hebrew is (na-gas) meaning harshly treated and mishandled, or to drive, tax, tyrannize, distress, to be hunted or plagued, by a taskmaster or slave driver, Exodus 1 & 2.
  4. To sternly exact a penalty, payment, tribute or ransom! ‘Full-Payment! ‘He Paid The Debt In Full!’ (Tetelestai! “It is FINISHED!”)
  5. “And He was afflicted,” (anah) humbled, humiliated, to bow or stoop down, to mistreat, to dishonor; to ravish!
  6. This is the same word used in v. 4, “stricken, smitten, of God and afflicted,” ( naga, naka, anah) to describe His hell on earth for us, for you and me, as He bore our sin on the tree.
  7. You can see this in the Newer Testament spelled out for us in Matt. 27:27-31; (R); Mark 15:16-23; Luke 22:63-65; and John 19:1-3.
  8. He was oppressed (nagas) and afflicted (anah) driven, hunted, plagued, humiliated, humbled, mocked, and bowed down, for you because He loves you!
  9. “Yet He opened not His mouth!” (Twice this is stated in this verse for emphasis)
  10. Matt. 26:62-63, “And the high priest arose and said unto Him, Answerest thou nothing? What is it which these witness against thee? But Yeshua/Jesus held His peace.”
  11. Matt. 27: 12-14, “And when He was accused by the chief priests and elders, He answered nothing. Then Pilate said unto Him, Hearest thou not how many things they witness against thee? And He answered him never a word…” Mark 15:1-5.
  12. Silence before the Elders; Silence before the Scribes; Silence before the Priests; Silence before the Pharisees; Silence before Herod and Pilate; “SILENCE!” WHY?
  13. First, He did not need to defend Himself because no valid accusation was made against Him.
  14. Second, His trial was a judicial farce conducted by men asserting pious motives who were violating the Jewish laws of jurisprudence, so I don’t think any defense would have made any difference anyway! Do you?
  15. His death sentence was predetermined and settled before they gave Him a hearing or a trial anyway, so what difference would it have made?
  16. He spoke to the Sanhedrin only when silence would have been a renunciation of His deity and His Messiahship, Matt. 26:63-64. ® “I adjure thee (ex-or-kidzo– to swear under oath or penalty of a curse) by the living God, that thou tell us if thou be the Christ, the Son of God!”
  17. He spoke before Pilate only when His silence would have renounced his kingship. Jn. 19:8-11 ®
  18. However, before the incestuous Tetrarch Herod, He said nothing at all.
  19. Now whatever virtues Israel has, and they have many, ‘suffering silently’ is not one of them nor ours. We tolerate pain and suffering, He embraced it (yada) became intimate with it, silently!
  20. In fact the Jewish people never considered suffering silently as a virtue, NEVER!
  21. Take the ‘Warsaw Ghetto’ as an example, both of my grandparents grew up there before 1900. My grandmother’s entire family was butchered in a pogrom and she had to be smuggled out of Poland by two Roman Catholic nuns. Why? She was Jewish!
  22. What about the Palestinians, the Syrians, Hamas, the Hezbollah, etc. Is Israel suffering silently right now or are they fighting back, with all their might and military power?
  23. This Servant, is obviously a different character than the nation of Israel or any human being for that matter and Israel never, ever considered suffering silently as a virtue, NEVER!
  24. “He is brought as a lamb to the slaughter;”
  25. He is brought (yabal) borne, carried, led to the altar of sacrifice on Golgotha.
  26. This word is also a picture of pall bearers carrying someone to their grave. They are dead and silent, but this lamb is alive and silent.
  27. It is a lamb (seh) a lamb of the first year, a lambkin, just off its mother’s milk.
  28. Lambs were sacrificed not sheep, they made no resistance, uttered no complaint.
  29. A lamb provided no wool, no milk, not much meat so they were perfect for sacrifice because they were so innocent looking and provided no resistance!
  30. To the slaughter (tebakh) means to butcher or kill ruthlessly; although the Jewish people were very merciful in slaying their animals; Their butchers were not merciful in slaughtering them!
  31. The ‘shohet’ or Jewish butcher uses a 20″ knife, highly polished, sharp as a razor, 2″ wide, they cut the throat to sever the head so the animal feels little or no pain and death is quick.
  32. Lambs walk right up to their executioner and allow them to slit their throat but not cattle or other animals, they must be restrained, and locked in because they go wild at the smell of blood.
  33. “And as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so He opens not His mouth.”
  34. As a sheep (rachel) a ewe-sheep, before her shearers is dumb (alam) this word means silent and bound all four legs.
  35. They usually tie their feet to shear them but the word (alam) can be translated to bind or binding. Either way they are silent during the shearing process. Matt. 27:2; Mark 15:1; John 18:12-13; 24.
  36. He was tormented, tortured, tried yet He opened not His mouth. He offers no defense, NONE!
  37. Just silence! Except when He is asked if He is God! Mark 14:61-62 and He answers in the affirmative (ego eime) “I am; the (I AM) and you shall see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.” (Dan. 7:13)
  38. “Then the high priest rent his clothes (which was forbidden by the law except for blasphemy, Lev. 10:6; 21:10) and said, what need have we of any further witnesses? You have heard the blasphemy. What think ye? And they all condemned Him to be guilty of death.”
  39. The word shearers in Hebrew is a very interesting word (gazaz) to shear sheep or to shave one’s head. We know in Isa. 50:6 it is believed that they ripped the Messiah’s beard out, probably at this point by the roots.
  40. Is it possible that they also sheared His head, Isaiah 53:7 as a final act of humiliation before delivering Him to Pilate to scorn Him because He was thought to be a Nazarene from Nazareth and He may have taken a Nazarite vow, so they wanted to shame Him further?
  41. Just a thought to give relevance to, “As a sheep before her shearers (gazaz) is dumb (alam) silent and bound;”
  42. In the movie, “The Lion, The Witch and the Wardrobe,” when Aslan was on the stone altar just before the witch slew Him, they shaved His mane to humiliate Him one last time.  (Maybe C.S. Lewis had a similar thought?)
  43. During the Holocaust the Nazi soldiers would cut off the Rabbi’s beards publicly, in the streets to humiliate them and they sheared their heads in the concentration camps. (Just a thought but one worth considering).
  44. The trial was totally illegal.
  45. It was illegal for the Temple guard to affect an arrest.
  46. It was illegal to try a capital charge (trial for life) at night; that was illegal. Only trials for money could be transacted after dark.
  47. It was illegal for judges to cross examine a prisoner after the testimony of the witnesses broke down, Matt. 26:57-68. In which case the prisoner was immediately released and the witnesses were immediately stoned.
  48. Based on Deut. 16:18-20, the Jewish Court, the ‘Bet Din’ guaranteed a criminal several things:  1. A fair public trial; 2. A defense counsel; 3. Conviction only by the testimony of two witnesses; 4. A death sentence had to wait three days while the court members fasted and prayed; 5. A defendant was protected against self-incrimination; 6. A court officer rode in front of the defendant calling out for one witness to contradict the charges.
  49. No one stood up, not one of His disciples, followers, not even His own mother; No One!
  50. In Matt. 26:57-68 we see at least six aspects of an illegal trial:
  51. Convening of the Sanhedrin at night, v. 57-58;
  52. Conspiracy to convict without evidence, v. 59-61;
  53. Confrontation for self-incrimination, v. 62-64;
  54. Condemnation based on false testimony, v. 65-66;
  55. Conduct of the court, verbal and physical abuse, v. 67-68.
  56. The Servant’s Response – ‘Silence!’ v. 67-68.
  57. Conclusion:
  58. The Servant was brought to the shearers that He might be shorn of His honor, shorn of His majesty, shorn of His dignity, shorn of His glory, shorn of His power and shorn of His life.
  59. However, while the shearer’s blades did their work, He was as silent as a lamb!
  60. The Servant/Messiah wept and He sweat great drops of blood (hematohidrosis) but He never once murmured or felt rebellion in His heart, not one time!
  61. Not one syllable of complaint about His chastisement for our sins was ever uttered, never!
  62. How patient He was before Caiaphas, before Herod, before Pilate, before the crowd at Calvary.
  63. Silence! Never accusing them or us of injustice or cruelty, never! He just prayed, “Father, forgive them for they know not what they do!” Ten words that changed the philosophy of this world forever and ever!
  64. We on the other hand murmur and cry out at any and every slight injustice thinking ourselves wrongly done by it, “I’ll sue you for everything you have!” “You’ll hear from my lawyer!”
  65. But not this ‘Servant,’ silent as a lamb to be slaughtered, silent as a sheep to be sheared, complete submission, complete self-sacrifice, complete self-conquest, complete self denial! (Luke 9:23)
  66. He was oppressed, He was abased, He was afflicted, He was offered because he was willing; The idea is one of urgency, oppression, vexation, of being hard pressed, and ill treated. It does not refer to what was exacted by God or to sufferings inflicted by God, though it may include those.
  67. This refers to all of His oppressions and the severity of all His sufferings from everyone and from every area, physical, spiritual, human and demonic! He submitted Himself to be afflicted and yet He was as patient as a Lamb, as tender a newborn babe and He opened not His mouth!
  68. The idea here is that He voluntarily took upon Himself the sins of mankind, making Himself answerable as surety for the human race and that was the cause of His suffering. God demanded the debt be paid in ‘FULL’ and He the Great and Righteous One suffered to the full extent for it!
  69. The KJV has retained the correct sense of the Hebrew in this verse, “He was oppressed and he was afflicted, yet He opened not His mouth!” He was subjected to excruciating pain and sorrow which was hard to bear; which was usually accompanied by expressions of impatience and lamentation! The fact that He never opened His mouth is even more remarkable & miraculous!
  70. He made no resistance; He uttered no complaint; You can almost see the patient Redeemer being led to Calvary without resistance, amidst the roar of the multitude yelling, “Crucify Him!” He is perfectly silent and composed, able to call 10,000 angels to assist Him in a nana-second; with all the power of heaven and earth at His disposal, yet quiet and gentle as if He had none; He walked!
  71. Why? “For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whosoever believes in Him should not perish, but have everlasting life.” Jn. 3:16: “By this perceive we the love of God, because He laid down His life for us, and we ought to lay down our lives for the brethren.” I Jn. 3:16; “And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of the angels, preached unto the nations, believed on in the world, received up into glory.” I Tim. 3:16. “Then they that feared the LORD spoke often one to another; and the LORD hearkened, and heard it and a book of remembrance was written before Him, for them that feared the LORD, and that thought upon His name.” Mal. 3:16.

“The Servant’s Illicit Arrest” Isa. 53:7 – REVISED!” – 3/24/14

“The Servant’s Illegal Trial” – ‘Isa. 53:8 – REVISED!’

“The Servant’s Illegal Trial” – ‘Isa. 53:8 – REVISED!’

I.          Introduction:

A.        “He was taken from prison and from judgment; and who shall declare His generation? For He was cut off out of the land of the living; for the transgression of my people was He stricken.” K.J.V.

B.         “By oppression and judgment he was taken away, And with his generation who did reason? For he was cut off out of the land of the living, For the transgression of my people to whom the stroke was due.” JPS Trans. 1975.

C.        “By oppressive judgment he was taken away, Who could describe his abode? For he was cut off from the land of the living, Through the sin of my people, who deserved the punishment.” JPS Trans. 1985.

D.        He was snatched away from the earth, out of the midst of an atmosphere of prison and judicial proceedings, and out of His generation and all of his contemporaries and friends, who considered God’s view, the true view of this criminal act? (No One!)

E.         Isaiah states, “He was snatched away out of the land of ‘my people’ to whom the stroke was rightfully due!”

F.         The emphasis in this verse is not that he was taken away from his sufferings but that, ‘out of the midst of his sufferings he was carried off to death!’

G.        Remember, ’IF’ this Servant is the Messiah and not Israel;

1.         Which by now it is hard to argue for it being Israel, especially in this verse.

2.         And this Messiah is Yeshua/Jesus which it apparently seems to point too!

3.         Then Yeshua was arrested in the evening, had five or six trials by dawn, was beaten, buffeted (punched repeatedly), scourged, mocked, ridiculed, crowned with thorns, maybe two inches in length, stripped naked and executed by crucifixion and had a spear shoved into his side to make sure he was dead and buried in a borrowed tomb!

I.          So the second parallel to this enigma, balances the first!

II.        “He was taken from prison and from judgment;”

A.        He was taken (la-kakh) to seize, snatch, capture, carry away, take captive, to be taken prisoner in a hostile sense against your will and the will of others. (Peter the sword fighter)

B.         Think of the Garden of Gethsemane when Yeshua/Jesus was arrested in the night by the Temple guards who had no powers of arrest. NONE!

C.        They bound Him, seized Him and led Him away to Annas first to be tried. John 18:10ff.

D.        Notice also the masculine singular pronouns ‘He’ in this verse four times, seven times in v. 7 and four times in v. 9.  Actually it appears over fifty times in this passage alone!

E.         He was taken from prison (me-otzer) this word is used only four times as a noun and means a place of confinement or violent oppression, and vengeance.

F.         The root is to restrain, retain, or shut up, to imprison. It does not mean prison like our prisons today, it means a violent restraint and oppression; To be shut up and closed in, or confined.

G.        “And from judgment,” (mish-pawt) justice, court or the seat of judgment, or due process of litigation; this is a legal term, for a court room. His was an oppressive, unrighteous proceeding.

H.        Prison and justice refer to the judicial process or the due process of the law. He was taken from prison and from the very court room to be executed.

I.          He suffered under the law and a sentence was passed in His case.  The Hebrew Bible says, “By oppression and judgment He was taken or snatched away.”

J.          He was condemned to die by legal execution, not by accident, old age, or by war, but by ‘Legal Execution!’ This is prophetic! Try to prophesy your death at the age of 33, in good health!

K.        This verse speaks of an illegal trial, no justice, no judgment; no one speaks on His behalf, no defense attorney, ‘No One!’ An oppressive, unrighteous proceeding, unethical and illegal!

L.         In fact He was sold for 30 pieces of silver Zech. 11:12-13; Matt. 26:15; The price of a gored, bleeding to death, slave, Exodus 21:32. ® It was called ‘Blood Money.’ Matt. 26:6-10.

III.       “And who shall declare His generation,”

A.        This is a tough passage to interpret and there are many variations.

B.         So, I will take the one of a crier who went before a convicted criminal, with a flag in his hand calling for anyone to come forward to declare his innocence and the execution would be stopped and the trial retried, but no one, not John, not Peter, not even His mother stepped forward!

C.        This is recorded in the Babylonian Mishnah and Gemarah. In fact based on this passage the Gemarah of Babylon adds, “That before the death of Yeshua/Jesus this proclamation was made for 40 days but no defense could be found.” (This is certainly false!)

D.        However when you link v. 8 with v. 10, “Prolong His days and declare His generation.” It appears to imply continuous posterity for all His generations even after being cut-off.

E.         In other words, He would win more disciples, more followers in His death than in His life.

F.         There are so many different opinions on this phrase it is unbelievable and they are all relevant and have their own valid arguments.

G.        But the indifference of the public opinion and apathetic attitude of the masses are often appalling, no one seemed concerned about His fate, as they cried, “Give us Barabbas!”

H.        His judges were not interested in ascertaining the truth about their prisoner, just in getting rid of Him before the Sabbath.

I.          However, little thought was given to the importance of the death of Yeshua/Jesus by his contemporaries, life just went on; things were just too turbulent.

J.          Except for His disciples and followers; and of course world history which was divided into two epochs, B.C. ‘Before Christ’ and A. D. ‘Anno Domini’ the year of our Lord Jesus Christ. Just pick up a news-paper, even in Russia and read the date!

K.        Nothing seemed to change, and yet everything seemed to change: the veil was rent, rocks were rent, graves were rent, hearts were rent, history was rent, Jerusalem was rent, Judaism was rent, Rome was rent, the world was rent, Hell was rent, and Heaven was ripped wide open!

IV.       “For He was cut-off out of the land of the living;”

A.        The word cut-off (gaw-zar) is a special Hebrew word used only six times in the Bible. It means to be cut down, destroyed, killed, exterminated, executed and refers to a violent horrible death!

B.         This is a special word used for the execution of criminals. This is a violent, shocking death, never a peaceful death, one that turns your head and stomach.

C.        This is the kind of death they would date things from, like ‘Pearl Harbor 12/7/41;’ the ‘Kennedy Assassination 11/22/63;’ the ‘Twin Towers 9/11/01;’ the ‘Atomic Bombs 9/6/9/45 – Hiroshima & Nagasaki – “Little Boy & Fat Man”

D.        This is the first time Scripture indicates that the Messiah would die, and die a horrible, violent, ugly death; up to this point it just said that He would suffer, but never die!

E.         The normal word for cut-off (karath) is used over 200 times in the Bible and means to be condemned to eternal Hell fire or ‘Eliminated!’

a.         Dan. 9:26, “ And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off but not for Himself; and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary, and the end of it shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.”

F.         This word is a special word (gaw-zar) and means ‘Exterminated NOT Eliminated!’ Which is very important! (Very strong word, to cut in two with an axe, to cut down in the midst of his days)

G.        He was also cut-off from life prematurely maybe 33.5 years up to maybe 38 years.

H.        If, He was born in 5 B.C. prior to Herod’s death and died in 33 A.D. which many Bible scholars hold to, that would make Him about 37-38 years old.

I.          He lived a short life, dying in His prime, but His impact on men’s hearts and lives had only just begun. He had no successor, no family, no descendants to preserve His name.

J.          He came and ministered for 3.5 years and died. However, He can’t be erased from the consciousness or souls of the human race, no matter how hard or how long they try.

K.        He may have been cut-off out of the land of the living but He will never be cut-out of the hearts, souls and spirits of those He left behind, Never!

L.         They may be able to take the tree out of the malls, and the manger out of the halls, but they will never take Christ out of Christmas! All history is based on His birth and eternity on His death!

V.        “For the transgression of ‘My’ people was He stricken.”

A.        Some translators believe that Yehovah is speaking in this verse and that the word “My” should be capitalized.

B.         It also needs to be pointed out that this servant is not carried off and executed due to an illegal, corrupt system, but because of, “the transgressions of My people.” (Very Imp!)

C.        He is suffering in the place of those who should be suffering, and He dies the death they should be dying! It was not His death on false charges that saved the world!

D.        It was His voluntary submission as the infinite God-Man, to bear the sins of the world and die on the cross of Calvary that made Him the Savior of all mankind. Col. 1:13-14; 19-20.

E.         The (pesah) transgression, trespasses, rebellion, revolts, or crossing the line.

F.         Wilson’s Old Testament word studies says, “This is a strong word meaning to rebel against (YHWH) or Jehovah, to apostatize from Him or against Him. To revolt or rebel or to be lawless, whether it is national or individual; moral or religious rebellion.

G.        The Hebrews used six nouns and three verbs to describe sin, but the three main ones are; (Pesah) crossing the line, rebellion, or transgression: (Avon) iniquity, perverse, twisted, or crooked: (Chet) omission, or missing the mark.

H.        “For the transgression (Pesah) of my people; (am – nation)” Who are Isaiah’s people? Israel, then how can the Servant be Israel if He is going to be cut-off (gaw-zar) exterminated for Isaiah’s people? (He can’t be – Right?) That doesn’t take rocket science to figure out!

I.          The word stricken (ne-ga) is the same word as in v. 4, to strike violently, to kill, to slaughter, or to strike fatally.

J.          The Hebrew Scriptures read, “For the transgression of my people to whom the stroke was due!”

K.        Or, “Through the sin of my people, who deserved the punishment!” David, Moses, Joseph, Isaiah even Israel didn’t die for Israel, they couldn’t. (But they deserved the punishment or the stroke!)

M.        You had to be sin-less to be a sin-offering, as you can see in v. 10. You also had to be the infinite God-Man to suffer the infinite wrath of Almighty God and Israel was neither.

N.        The Servant in this passage can not be; I repeat, can not be Israel! How could Israel be cut-off (gawzar) exterminated for Israel and still be a nation today? Impossible! It makes no sense!

O.        There is reason to believe that the original text of this phrase has been changed. The ancient text seems to have stated, “He was smitten unto death.” Or, “Stricken to death!”

P.         The Septuagint LXX has, “because of the iniquities (lawlessness) of my people He was led to death!”

1.         The Greek word for law is (nomos) and the word for lawless is (a-nomos). Nomos is the Law, the Torah according to Paul & John and living without it is (a-nomos) sin!

2.         The original word in the Hebrew text was probably (lama-veth, intensive plural, violent death) but it was changed, sometime after 200 ad to (lamo) probably by the Mazorites.

Q.        That is the way it was written by Origen 185-254, who stated a certain Jewish person assured him of that translation and felt it was more accurate than any other part of Isaiah 53.

R.         It is rendered that way in the Septuagint in our present copies and if it wasn’t that way in the original then it wouldn’t be that way in the Septuagint, dated 250 B.C.

S.         Or in Origen’s writings, or in the Jewish man’s arguments: “The Messiah, Jesus the Christ, was smitten unto death!” For our transgressions, our rebellions, our trespasses, our sins, yours and mine!

T.         “Origen,” (Contra Celsum, lib. i. p. 370, edit. 1733,) after having quoted at large this prophecy concerning the Messiah, “tells us, that having once made use of this passage in a dispute against some that were accounted wise among the Jews, one of them replied, that the words did not mean one man, but one people, the Jews, who were smitten of God and dispersed among the Gentiles for their conversion; that he then urged many parts of this prophecy to show the absurdity of this interpretation, and that he seemed to press them the hardest by this sentence, “for the iniquity of my people was he smitten to death.”

1.         “Now as Origen, the author of the Hexapla, must have understood Hebrew, we cannot suppose that he would have urged this last quotation as so decisive if the Greek Version had not agreed here with the Hebrew text; nor that these wise Jews would have been at all distressed by this quotation, unless their Hebrew text had read agreeably to, “to death,” on which the argument principally depended; for, by quoting it immediately, they would have triumphed over him, and reprobated his Greek version. This, whenever they could do it, was their constant practice in their disputes with the Christians.”

2.         “Jerome, in his Preface to the Psalms, says, “Lately disputing with a Hebrew,-thou advanced certain passages out of the Psalms which bear testimony to the Lord the Saviour; but he, to elude thy reasoning, asserted that almost all thy quotations have an import in the Hebrew text different from what they had in the Greek.”

3.         “And Origen himself, who laboriously compared the Hebrew text with the Septuagint, has recorded the necessity of arguing with the Jews from such passages only as were in the Septuagint agreeable to the Hebrew: Wherefore as Origen had carefully compared the Greek version of the Septuagint with the Hebrew text, and speaks of the contempt with which the Jews treated all appeals to the Greek version where it differed from their Hebrew text; and as he puzzled and confounded the learned Jews by urging upon them the reading, “unto death,” in this place; it seems almost impossible not to conclude, both from Origen’s argument and the silence of his Jewish adversaries, that the Hebrew text at that time actually had (lemaveth) “to death,” agreeably to the version of the Septuagint.” Dr. Kennicott.

U.        Basically, Origen would not have stood and debated with these Jewish Scholars if the Hebrew text and the Greek text were not in perfect agreement in his day, so someone changed the text!

1.         Don’t get me wrong, Origen was responsible for much of the Anti-Semitism all of which was based on his assertion that the Jews were responsible for killing Jesus.

V.        So this Servant, Israel’s Messiah; Who had to come before the destruction of the Temple 2,000 years ago; Do many wonderful miracles to authenticate His office, be a direct descendant of King David, have proof of His lineage in print even today;

1.         Must have been born of a miraculous birth to avoid the sin nature of Adam and the sin curse of Jeconiah, Jer. 22:24-30; Be the Son in Isaiah 7:14 fulfilling the eight names in Isaiah 9:6 the Midrash talks about; Fulfilling over 300 prophecies in His birth alone;

2.         Who would be not only the Son-of-man and die to pay the penalty for mankind’s sin but be the ultimate sacrifice to YaHWeH satisfying His holy demands, and rise from the grave on the third day victorious over death as the Son-of-God to reign as the King of kings and LORD of lords; And come back to reign and rule His kingdom for 1,000 years!

3.         Now if that is not Yeshua/Jesus, then you tell me who in time, space and history that is?

4.         And while you are searching through all your grey matter for someone, I’ll put all my chips of the Man from Galilee, Jesus of Nazareth!

W.       PRAY – “Father, just saying the words “Cut-Off” (Exterminated) grieves our hearts and souls. But we know if He didn’t die, we couldn’t live; If He didn’t suffer, we couldn’t know healing; If He didn’t know emptiness and loneliness and pain; We wouldn’t know fullness and comfort and joy; If He didn’t drink that cup, then we would have had too! Thank You, Father for sending the Servant, Your Son, the Messiah, Yeshua ha Mashiach, to die for us, so we could live for Him, one day at a time; Teach us to live, each day for Christ, as though it were our last.”….

“The Servant’s Illegal Trial” – ‘Isa. 53:8 – REVISED!’ 2/24/14

“The “Servant Stricken Internally – Isa. 53:6” REVISED!

“The Servant Stricken Internally – Isa. 53:6” REVISED!

I.          Introduction:  

A.        Isaiah 53:6 has often been referred to as, “The John 3:16 of the Older Testament.” Why?

1.         Because it too, is the Gospel, or the ‘Good News’ in a nutshell!

2.         First, it shows the analysis of sin and its effects, “All…have willfully gone astray;”

3.         Second, it shows a description of Mt Calvary’s or Mt Moriah’s execution, “The LORD (YHVH) has laid (paga) upon Him, His Servant, His Messiah our penalty;”

4.         Third, it shows the scope of the atonement, “The iniquity (avon) of us All.”

B.         This verse begins with the word ‘ALL’ and ends with the word ‘ALL’ (kol) any, every, the whole, the totality of the masses, the (kosmos) the whole world!

1.         Every person who ever lived or who will ever live! I Jn. 2:2 says, “And He is the propitiation (the satisfying sacrifice) for our sins, and not for ours only…”

2.         This was one of D. L. Moody’s favorite verses, and when he was boarding a train, a young man, probably Jewish, ran up and asked him how he might receive eternal life?

3.         Moody told him to go home and read Isaiah 53:6, to which he responded, “But what do I do with it?” and Moody said: “Go in on the first ‘ALL’ and out on the last ‘ALL’!”

4.         The young man went home, opened his Bible, read the verse several times, fell on his knees and received God’s free gift of eternal life.

5.         No wonder Wesley wrote, “Amazing love how can it be, that Thou my God should’st die for me.”

T. S.    Now let’s look at this Bible in miniature: Isaiah 53:6

II.        “All we like sheep, have gone astray;”

A.        How many? Most, many, multitudes? No, “All we,” (kallanu)

1.         It is an emphatic assertion concerning all people, any, every, the whole! The totality of the masses, without one exception! The (kosmos) the whole world and all its inhabitants!

B.         “Have gone astray!” That means every human being alive has an innate bent to stray or wander from the paths of righteousness and we do it intentionally. It’s in our very nature!

1.         Sheep (ts-one) is from an unused root to migrate, in fact straying is characteristic of sheep, they are totally dependent on a shepherd, leader or protector, totally dependent!

2.         You lead sheep or a flock with a staff but you drive cattle or a herd with a whip! Sheep don’t fear danger, they walk right into it head first.

3.         That’s why sheep need direction and a director or shepherd/pastor to lead them.

4.         Sheep without a shepherd are lost and totally defenseless and will die in the wilderness. In Matt. 9:36 Yeshua/Jesus looked upon Israel as, “sheep having no shepherd.”

C.        However, as I said sheep have a tendency to, “go astray,” to err, to wander and are easily led astray (ta’ah) wander off course so as to get into trouble, in fact it’s in their very nature to do so.

1.         Sheep also go astray ungratefully, they forsake the hand that feeds them and heals their diseases, picks the bugs off and even bite it on occasion and they go astray repeatedly.

2.         If restored today, they will go astray tomorrow if not today and wander even further and further, from bad to worse. There’s no limit to their wandering except their own frailty, and when they get tired they just lay down.

3.         This is Isaiah’s vivid description of how humanity behaves, as well as God’s analogy of Adam’s descendants.

4.         This clause is also the confession of a repentant Israel: In the Alpha Psalm, the last verse 119:176 says, “I have gone astray like a lost sheep.”

5.         It also portrays a repentant humanity in I Pet. 2:25 which says, “For ye were as sheep going astray, but are now returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls.”

6.         What a great analogy of mankind, God could not have compared us with a better animal.

T. S.    “All we like sheep have gone astray,” (past tense) “and!”

III.       “We have turned every one to his own way,”

A.        Nothing could more strikingly represent the condition of mankind then this phrase.

B.         We have turned from God, and are following our own paths, we are pursuing our own pleasures, and we are exposed to every kind of danger known to man, beast or demon!

C.        We have turned (pan-ah) turned away, turned back from following the Chief Shepherd, ‘The Bishop of our souls.”

1.         Every one (eesh) every man, person, being, has turned to “his own way.”

2.         His own road, journey, path, direction, course of life or moral character. Read – (Rom. 6:21-23).

D.        Man prefers his own way to God’s way. He has transferred his allegiance to the idol of his heart, namely himself; His will, his desires, his intellect and innate tendencies to be wholly selfish.

1.         That is man’s common guilt, and goal; Gen. 3:5, “Ye shall be as gods.”

2.         We need to give up the throne of our hearts to this Servant, the Messiah and the sooner the better. In other words, we need to get out of the Savior business!

3.         Proverbs 14:12 says, “There is a way (singular) which seems right unto a man, but the end thereof are the ways (plural) of death.”

4.         There are many ways to the Messiah, the highway, the roadway, the pathway, the byway, the throughway (we all came a different way to Jesus); But there is only one way to God the Father and that is through Israel’s Messiah!

5.         John 14:6 in the Newer Testament tells us what that way is for the Jew and the Gentile!

T.S.     And that leads us to the third phrase:

IV.       “And the LORD has laid on Him,”

A.        The (YHVH) Jehovah, The I AM, The Self-Existent One! (Ehyeh, Asher, Ehyeh)

B.         When you see the name Jehovah – LORD, you are dealing with redemption and the covenant keeping God. When you see the name Elohim – God, you are dealing with creation and the Creator of all mankind.

C.        In v. 4 the Servant was stricken and smitten (naga – naka) by Elohim – God, the One Who created all things.

D.        However, in v. 6 it is the LORD – Jehovah, the God of Redemption, Who laid (pa-ga – our iniquities) on Him; to strike violently, to fall upon; in a hostile sense, to attack with the idea of violence leading to death; to kill, to slay, to impinge, (two objects coming together with such force they are totally inseparable).

E.         This same verb is used in I Kings 2:34, “So Benaiah fell upon him and slew him.” All gentleness is completely excluded from this verse on purpose.

1.         No stronger language can be used to explain expiation for sin, for all mankind. NONE!

2.         What martyr, what group of people would you place here as the ultimate, infinite sacrifice for all mankind?…… I can’t think of one either!

F.         The word (paga) can also be translated ‘meet;’ “The LORD has made to ‘meet’ on Him the iniquity of us all.” (I put this in, in case you have one of those sissy translations in your hands: “Like a boxer’s right hook that meets his opponents left jaw…”

1.         Problem: It does not have the same force as ‘laid upon Him’ but it still can paint a nice picture of atonement. The meeting place of sin is the mercy-seat (kapporet) of sinners; a bloody, messy, smelly place! By the way, whose job was it to clean it up every day?

2.         However: The end result is the same either way; If you will not consent that your iniquities shall meet upon Israel’s Messiah, then you must bear them yourself, alone! (Scary thought, Amen?)

3.         Again Ps. 85:10 culminates right here, “Mercy and truth are met together; righteousness and peace have kissed each other.”

T.S.     And that leads us to the last phrase:

V.        “The iniquity of us all.”

A.        The LORD has laid (paga) on Him, His Servant, the Messiah, His Son, ‘the iniquity (avon) depravity, perversity, lawlessness, of us all!’

B.         You wonder sometimes, don’t you, just how bad man’s heart really is; How wicked is wicked, how depraved is depraved and then you study Isaiah 53:5 and you see that the Messiah was crushed, shattered to dust, (the same word) rendered listless, lethargic, and languid and literally crushed to the earth by our ‘inborn crookedness.’ WOW!

C.        The root of (avon) means ‘twisted, perverted, crookedness.’ In other words our sin nature is basically an incorrigible perversity and He nailed it to the tree for you and for me. Col. 2:14 ® “He nailed it to the tree!”

D.        There is no stronger language in Hebrew to denote the fact that, His sufferings were to make atonement (katallagay – mutual exchange) for all (kol) mankind. NONE! Jehovah, violently loaded on Him our distorted, twisted, perverted sin nature.

1.         Our sin is no different to God than the sin you find on the street, in the slums, the gutters, the allies, or skid row. Don’t sugar coat yours, to God sin is sin and it cost Him His Son!

2.         Gen. 6:5 says we are all sinners by nature, “Every imagination of man’s heart is only evil continually!” (Every imagination of your heart & mine is only evil continually)

3.         Do you really want to know what God thinks about your good deeds, your righteousness, and your mitzvot? Read Isaiah 64:6 in a Roman Catholic Bible sometime!

4.         Ecc. 7:20 tells us we are all sinners by practice, “For there is not a just man upon earth, that does good and sins not.” (Rom. 3:10-12) ‘No Not One!’

5.         As a fish is born to swim and a bird is born to fly, man is born to sin, it’s in our nature. We are not sinners because we sin; we sin because we were born sinners.

6.         This Servant became our Sin-Bearer to remove the Sin-Barrier, which was preventing us from entering into God’s presence. Listen, He was forsaken so we never would have to be!

7.         That is substitutionary, vicarious atonement! God became man and died on a tree for you and for me!

VI.       Conclusion:

A.        The cauldron of Almighty God’s infinite wrath was poured out upon His Servant, the Messiah.

B.         A finite creature could not have borne God’s infinite wrath, so the Suffering Servant had to be the Messiah who provided the vicarious atonement and bore the iniquities of the world, the (kosmos).

C.        What does it mean to suffer the infinite wrath of God? I don’t know, and I don’t ever want to know, but I do know this, He did it for you and for me because He loves us, that much I know.

D.        It was love that held Him on that tree on Calvary not the nails, LOVE! Agape love, sacrificial love, love that gives, and gives, and gives and asks nothing in return.

E.         John 3:16 says, “For God so loved…He gave,” His best, His beloved, His only begotten!

F.         All this the Servant, the Messiah Jesus has done for you, what have you ever done for Him? He died for you, so you could live for Him. He took your hell so you could take His heaven.

G.        What He suffered physically on Mt Moriah or Mt Calvary, on the tree or on the cross, whatever you want to call it, is nothing compared to what He suffered mentally, spiritually, internally:

H.        It all started in the garden of the olive press, “Gethsemane” where He could feel the crushing weight of the sin of the world to come.

1.         So much so, that an angel from heaven was sent to strengthen Him, Lk. 22:43.

2.         This is the only place in the KJV where the word ‘agony’ appears, meaning, “to be engaged in combat.” He agonizes over what’s in the cup, His Father gave Him to drink. Yet He prays, “Not My will but, Thine be done.” Mark 14:34 (He prayed 3 times)

3.         It was here that Dr. Luke records the “Bloody Sweat” in Lk. 22:44 (hematidrosis) under great stress your capillaries burst and mix with perspiration and you sweat blood, causing weakness, shock and even death!

I.          According to Webster the word, ‘Excruciating – to cause great agony, torment, and pain; comes from the Latin words, “Ex – for out of; and Cruciate – for cross; Or from or out of the cross.

1.         So before the Carthaginians invented crucifixion and the Romans perfected it, the word ‘Excruciating’ wasn’t even in the vocabulary.

J.          Matt. 27:46 says, “And about the ninth hour (3:00 pm) Jesus cried with a loud voice, “Eli, Eli, lama, sabach`thani?” That is to say, ‘My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?”

1.         With the sin of the world pressing down upon Him Jesus suffered, ‘Spiritual-Death’ (Separation from the Father).

2.         Isa. 59:2 says, ‘Sin causes a separation from God, therefore He must turn His face from you, so that He cannot not hear you.

3.         The father must turn away from His Son on the cross, He has no alternative!

4.         So, for the first time, in recorded scripture anyway, Jesus does not address God as His Father! If you listen carefully, you can hear the internal plea in His external cry!

5.         This is the painstaking shrill of one who is in a state of utter loneliness! Can you hear it?

6.         Hab. 1:13; Isa. 1:15; Micah 3:4; Jer. 11:11; Ezk. 8:18;

K.        Jesus had ‘External-Warfare,’  ‘Internal-Warfare’ and ‘Spiritual-Warfare.’

1.         Psalm 22, “The Psalm of The Cross,” talks about ‘Spiritual-Warfare’

2.         vv. 12-13 says, “Many bulls have compassed me; strong bulls of Bashan have beset me round. They gaped upon me with their mouths, like a ravening and a roaring lion.”

3.         While on the cross darkness covered the land/earth Luke 23:44 from 12:00 – 3:00 p.m.

4.         Jesus associated those who arrested Him with the powers of darkness.

5.         Where were Satan and the powers of evil when Christ was on the cross? Ps. 22:12-13, seem out of place at first, but they have a deeper spiritual meaning upon further study.

6.         I Pet. 5:8, “Satan is a roaring lion, seeking whom he may devour.” Bashan, is east of the Jordan River, known for its fertility; and tied too Baal & demon/spirit worship in cattle.

7.         These verses suggest the spiritual activity of Satan and demons celebrating the suffering of Jesus on the cross, their goal was to do away with Him once and for all! (Sorry!)

L.         We know from John 10:17-18 that Christ laid down His own life and that no man took it from Him; He had power to lay it down and power to take it up again.

1.         But physically and internally what was it that finished Him off? Exhaustion, thirst, asphyxiation, suffocation, dehydration, shock from blood loss, what?

2.         After He gave up His Spirit and the guards broke the legs of the other men and came to Christ they saw that He was already dead, but just to make sure, a soldier shoved a spear into His side and blood and water poured out:

3.         Indicating the two most prominent causes of death probably were hypovolemic shock and exhaustion asphyxia. Others have proposed dehydration, cardiac arrhythmia and congestive heart failure with rapid accumulation of pericardial and pleural effusions as possible contributing factors, but Christ crying out with a loud voice rules out asphyxia.

4.         Put all that in layman’s terms, He gave up His spirit and died from a ‘broken heart’ more like a ‘ruptured heart.’ Why? He took your place and was abandoned by His Father!

5.         The truth is, “He died for your sins!” According to the scriptures, I Cor. 15:3.                        The proof is, “He was buried Jewish style,” I Cor 15:4

6.         The truth is, “He arose from the dead!” According to the scriptures, I Cor. 15:4.                 The proof is, “He was seen above 500 brethren at once,” I Cor. 15:6.

M.        The sufferings of our Messiah should always be the main subject on our hearts and minds, always, whether internal or external. “ALL we like sheep have gone astray; We have turned everyone to his own way, and the LORD has laid on Him/Christ the iniquity of us ALL.”

N.        Q? If Israel is the Servant, the ‘Him’ that the LORD laid the iniquity on in the third phrase of this verse, then who is the ‘we’ in the first and second phrase that Isaiah identified himself with?

 

“The Servant Stricken Internally – Isa. 53:6” REVISED! 1/31/14

“The Servant Wounded Fatally” – Isa 53:5 (REVISED!)

“The Servant Wounded Fatally – Isa. 53:5

I.          Introduction:

A.        I finished studying Isa. 53:4, “The Servant Afflicted Mercilessly,” sitting at my keyboard in tears, overwhelmed with emotion because of what God’s Servant had to go through for us.

B.         He bore ‘our’ griefs, he dragged ‘our’ sorrows along like a burdened animal, and we esteemed him stricken, smitten and afflicted (naga, naka, anah) and this done by God, but why?

C.        Isaiah 53:5 gives us the answer to that question, although we may not like the answer.

1.         ”But He was wounded for our transgressions; He was bruised for our iniquities; The Chastisement for our peace was upon Him; And with His stripes we are healed.” KJV

2.         “But he was wounded because of our transgressions, he was crushed because of our iniquities; The chastisement of our welfare was upon him, And with his stripes we were healed.” JPS, 1966

D.        In v.4 we have the ‘Ministry of the Servant,’ but in v. 5 we have the ‘Sufferings of the Servant.’

E.         What is amazing is that in vv. 5-6 we have six references to sin and in each occasion a different word is used to describe it:

1.         Transgression: (pasha) rebellion, revolt, the crossing of a boundary and trespassing on a foreign land;

2.         Iniquities: (avon) wickedness, the absence of equity or the absence of dealing justly, with a focus on the guilt and liability incurred;

3.         Discord: the opposite of peace, which is enmity between us and God;

4.         Disease of the spirit: which is impossible to heal;

5.         Willful wandering: like that of a wayward sheep;

6.         A ‘Heavy Burden:’ so immense it was literally smashing Him into the earth.

F.         Note also the ‘four’ pronoun comparisons in v. 5 between ‘he and our.’ If the Servant is Israel, then who is the ‘our and we’ in v. 5?

II.        “But ‘He‘ was wounded for ‘our‘ transgressions;”

A.        The words ‘But He’ in this verse are an emphatic assertion, that the real cause of his suffering, was not for his own sins but the transgressions of his people as pointed out by the pronoun ‘our.’

B.         The word ‘wounded’ (meholal) means to pierce through, to bore through, to perforate; hence, to wound, or to be tormented, or to writhe in pain. It was a common belief that the Messiah would be violently put to death!

C.        We can never hope to understand nor comprehend the ‘Atonement.’ There was a God-ward as well as a Man-ward aspect to it, but into the “Cup” His Father gave Him to drink no man, no angel, in fact no created being of any sort has the power or right to look!

D.        It is not enough to say that the pride of the Jewish people, or the scorn of the Greeks, or the power of the Romans crucified Jesus Christ! He was, “Delivered up by God for our offences!”

E.         There is no stronger word in the Hebrew language to portray a violent and painful death. The word writhe or tormented is added in some Bible margins due to the Hebrew meaning of pierced!

F.         His hands, his feet, his side, his head were all pierced, perforated and bored through!!

1.         It is amazing that the word ‘pierced’ was used here of the Servant, Messiah’s death instead of hanged, stoned, or beheaded which were the only Jewish methods of execution used in Isaiah’s time.

2.         Crucifixion as a means of execution was invented by the Carthaginians and perfected by the Romans, 700 years after Isaiah’s time.

3.         Here is a strong testimony to the inspiration of the prophetic Scriptures.

G.        You will also find the word ‘pierced’ in Ps. 22:16 and Zech. 12:10 but there you will find two                             different Hebrew words used; Ps. 22 uses (kara); Zech. 12 uses (daqar); Isa. 53 uses (halel).

H.        This one is speaking of being mortally and brutally wounded, literally pierced, or bored through to the point of death, for our transgressions, our rebellions, our lawlessness!

I.          He was pierced, bored, transfixed, hence nailed for or (on account of) our (pesha) transgressions, rebellions against human and divine authority.

J.          Nailed for our (pesha) transgressions which were really rebellions. The pain was really His, in consequence for the sin which was really ours.

K.        Rebellion is the primary element in all human sin. Transgressions can come in many forms like missing the mark through aimlessness, carelessness or a wrong aim.

1.         Or coming up short even though your work may be alright in its direction but it just doesn’t come up to God’s standard.

2.         Then you can transgress by crossing a boundary and going over to the wrong side altogether.

III.       “He’ was bruised for ‘our‘ iniquities;”

A.        He was bruised (daka) to break into little pieces, to crush, or shatter;

B.         This word designates the most severe inward and outward sufferings imaginable; this same word is used for pounding into dust.

C.        He was rendered listless, lethargic and languid. He was under such a weight of sorrows on account of our sins, that he was, as it were, crushed to the earth.

D.        At this point Psalm 85:10-11 was brought to its fullest development, “Mercy and truth, are met together; righteousness and peace, have kissed each other. Truth shall spring out of the earth, and righteousness shall look down from heaven.” WOW!!

E.         On the cross Christ was “Bruised” which means, ‘crushed under a weight of a burden,’ what burden? Our sin! Ps. 38:4, “For my iniquities are gone over my head; like a heavy burden, they are too heavy for me.” Imagine the burden of the sin of the whole (kosmos) or world!

F.         For ‘our’ iniquities, not His, our (avon) our sin, our wickedness, our iniquity; often with a focus on the guilt or liability incurred, and the punishment to follow.

G.        This statement indicates that the Servant, the Messiah was shattered, crushed for our ‘inborn crookedness.’ The words “bruised & crushed” are among the strongest in the Hebrew language and denote a violent, painful death!

H.        The root signifies to ‘bend or twist’ and refers to the tortuous, crooked winding ways of men when they conform to no standard at all, except their own, and walk according to the wicked course of this world.

I.          The Hebrew word (medhukkah) means utterly crushed and shattered and (avonoth) means not only ‘iniquities’ but ‘twisted and perverted crookedness.’

J.          In other words our sin principle is basically an incorrigible perversity and He bore it all!

K.        Sin is very serious, Isaiah calls it ‘Transgression’ rebellion against God, daring to cross the line God has drawn, vv. 5 & 8. He also calls it ‘Iniquity’ crookedness of our sinful nature, vv. 5 & 6. Therefore, we are sinners by choice and sinners by nature.

IV.       “The chastisement of ‘our‘ peace was upon ‘Him;”

A.        The chastisement (musar) correction, chastening, punishment, disciplinary sufferings; for our peace (shlo-menu) peace, safety, prosperity, welfare was upon Him; ‘the chastisement which secured our peace.’ Peace usually has the idea of well-being, but here it is much more!

B.         For forgiveness to be real it must be secured at a price, a very high price!

1.         He was chastised and given many stripes, too many to count and yet that chastisement brought us peace!

C.        In order to forgive sinners, a righteous God must base His forgiveness on moral grounds. Otherwise His forgiveness would be morally unacceptable and spiritually meaningless.

1.         The only way a law-breaker can be at peace with the law is to suffer the punishment that the law demands.

D.        Why? Because there would be no difference between righteousness and wickedness? However, the Creator of all mankind, Elohim is not only merciful but He is also righteous.

E.         So, the righteous Servant, the Messiah of God took upon Himself the chastisement which secured our (Shalom)! Isaiah 26:3 says, “Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace, (shalom, shalom) whose mind is stayed upon Thee, because he trusts in Thee.”

1.         So, Jesus kept the law perfectly, yet He suffered the punishment that belonged to us.

2.         Because He took our place we now have peace with God and cannot be condemned by God’s law. Rom. 5:1; 8:1.

F.         Perfect peace, is peace on the outside and peace on the inside. The only way there will be true, “Peace on earth” is when the Servant/Messiah sets up His throne in Jerusalem and reigns over the whole earth.

G.        Likewise, the only way there will be true peace in my heart and in your heart and life is for you and me to surrender our lives to Him and give up the throne room of our hearts and let Him reign there right now. Peace stands for the individual designation of our salvation!

1.         You must give up the ‘Right to Yourself’ to Jesus Christ! All of it!

H.        At Passover Jewish people quote, Psalm 116:12-13, “What shall I render unto the LORD for all of His benefits toward me? I will take the cup of salvation (the cup of Yeshua) and call on the name of the LORD.”

I.          That’s ‘Perfect Peace!’  Something all Israel and all the Jewish people long for and pray for every day, PEACE! Perfect peace, Shalom, Shalom; Peace on the outside and peace on the inside.

1.         “Having abolished in His flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances, to make in Himself of the two one new man, so making peace;” Eph. 2:15

2.         We can now maintain a peaceful disposition toward God, not only having peace with God, Rom. 5:1, but the peace of God, Phil. 4:6-7, and there is a big difference. Amen?

J.          The punishment, the chastisement, that secured our peace, was laid upon Him, and He bore it for us and all we have to do is reach out and receive it, because it’s a free gift. Free to us, but it was not ‘Free’ to God, it cost Him immensely; His only unique Son, Jesus The Christ!

V.        “And with ‘His’ stripes ‘we‘ are (were) healed.”

A.        Literally, ‘it has been healed for us.’ Healing in this context is primarily the healing of the soul from the sickness of sin.

B.         Yet in addition to the spiritual healing, physical and emotional healing may be included as well.

C.        It is a known fact that physical ailments tend to have an emotional, psychic background, but the context is sin.

D.        The word stripes (habbura) means blows, wounds, bruises, welts and blueness. Some people translate this, black and blue marks, a flesh wound that does not draw blood and some translate it just bruising, obviously they have never read nor studied the whole passage.

1.         The Hebrew word ‘stripes is singular’ but it is used with the force of a collective so that it may be translated “stripes or wounds.”

E.         Others translate this word, ‘Blows that cut to the very bone; Blows that leave a visible imprint; Deep life threatening blows.’ Maybe from a whip or a ‘Cat-of-nine-tails,’ with pieces of metal or bone attached to the ends to rip pieces of flesh out with each blow inflicted!

F.         We are healed, or literally, ‘it is healed to us,’ or ‘healing has happened to us.’

G.        The question to ask or pose; Is the context talking about sin or sickness? In Matthew chapter eight in the Newer Testament the Messiah healed the leper, the centurion’s servant, Peter’s mother-in-law, and all who were sick or demon possessed; ALL!

1.         He stilled the storm and cast out demons, to give evidence of His Messiahship and Deity and everyone who came for healing was healed, everyone!

2.         So, Matthew quotes Isaiah 53:5 in Peter’s house (Matt. 8:17)

3.         In fact Peter later made it very clear in I Peter 2:24-25 that the Servant or Messiah’s wounds heal us from sin, not from disease!

4.         After all, it was Peter’s mother-in-law in Matt. 8:16-17 who was healed.

5.         The Servant didn’t go to the Calvary because we were sick; He died on the cross because we are sinners!

H.        The healing referred to here is spiritual healing, or healing from sin.

I.          Pardon from sin, and restoration to favor with God, are not infrequently represented as an act of healing in the Scriptures.

J.          The figure is derived from the fact that awakened and convicted sinners are often represented as crushed, broken, and bruised by the weight of their transgressions, and the removal of the load of sin is represented as an act of healing.

1.         Ps. 41:4 says, “I said, LORD, be merciful unto me, heal my soul; for I have sinned against Thee.”

2.         Ps. 6:2 says, “Have mercy upon me O LORD; for I am weak. O LORD, heal me; for my bones are vexed.”

3.         Ps. 103:3 says, “Who forgives all thine iniquities, who heals all thy diseases.”

K.        The idea here is that the Servant or Messiah would be scourged and that it would be by that scourging that health or healing would be imparted to our souls.

L.         Healing in the atonement was fulfilled during Christ’s life not after His death

VI.       Conclusion:

A.        One author put it this way: “Disease and death cannot be permanently removed until sin is permanently removed and the Messiah’s supreme work was to conquer sin.”

B.         In the atonement He dealt with sin, death & sickness; and yet all three of those are still with us.

C.        When He died on the tree, He bruised the head of Satan and broke the power of sin and the person who trusts in His atoning work is immediately delivered from the penalty of sin and one day will be delivered from the very presence of sin and its consequences.

D.        The ultimate fulfillment of His redeeming work is yet future for believers (Rom. 8:22-25; 13:11).

E.         The Messiah died for man’s sin, but His followers still die; He overcame pain and sickness but His followers still suffer and become ill.

F.         There is physical healing in the atonement, just as there is total deliverance from sin and death in the atonement; but we still await the fulfillment of that deliverance in the day when the LORD brings an end to suffering, sin and death.

G.        Those who claim that His followers should never be sick because there is healing in the atonement should also claim that His followers should never die, because He also conquered death in the atonement.

H.        The central passage of the gospel is deliverance from sin. It is the good news about forgiveness, not health. The Messiah was made sin, not disease and He died on the tree for our sin, not our sickness. Paul wrote in I Cor. 15:3, “For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures;”

I.          The Servant’s sufferings are not only vicarious but redemptive and curative. The doctrine of divine healing has too often been neglected and left for the perversion of fanatics, but it must be addressed in its context with civility and decorum.

J.          LORD, what is there for us to say; pierced, crushed, chastised, striped, cut to the bone, for what?

K.        For our transgressions, for our iniquities, for our peace, for our sin, for our soul, for Your glory!

L.         “But He was pierced through for our transgressions; He was crushed for our iniquities; The chastening for our well-being fell upon Him; And by His scourging we are healed.” NASB

M.        When a man is healed by the stripes of another, his only instinct and response should be, “I will spend the rest of my life and all the strength I have, as a healed man, for Him who healed me!”

N.        Thank You Lord, now use us, spread us, sow us, for Your glory, in Your name we pray.” Amen!

O.        Father, there are no words to express what is on our hearts, we have no right to drink from the cup Your Son drank from or even to look on its contents, or to be baptized with the baptism He was baptized with, or to walk where He walked. But we are Your children, joint heirs with Christ and he has given us access into Your presence and we cry out with the Seraphim, ‘Holy, Holy, Holy’ is the LORD God Almighty. Father, hear our prayer!

“The Servant Wounded Fatally” – Isa 53:5 (REVISED!) 12/17/13

“The Servant Afflicted Mercilessly” – Isa 53:4 (REVISED!)

“The Servant Afflicted Mercilessly! – Isa. 53:4” (REVISED)

I.          Introduction:

A.        In this strophe or stanza of three verses we will examine one of the most  graphic descriptions of the Servant’s death in all of the Scriptures; vv 4-6 should give us nightmares if not night sweats.

1.         v. 4 – ‘The Servant Afflicted Mercilessly!’

2.         v. 5 – ‘The Servant Wounded Fatally!’

3.         v.6 – ‘The Servant Stricken Internally!’

B.         Four things seem to stand out in this strophe or stanza and we want to watch for them:

1.         First, the intensity of the suffering; note the words in these verses, grief, sorrow, stricken, smitten, afflicted, wounded, bruised or crushed, chastisement, stripes, laid upon; all are descriptive of suffering and physical violence.

2.         Second, the vicarious suffering, not merely suffering with men but for men, our griefs, our sorrows, our transgressions, our iniquities, our peace was laid upon Him.

3.         Third, the moral necessity of the suffering; mankind was estranged from God, “all we like sheep have gone astray (ta-ah #8582 – to mislead or deceive ourselves)…” and the LORD laid on Him the iniquity of the world!

4.         Fourth, the peace that comes from suffering, “the chastisement for our peace was upon Him.” The word peace is a sweet, strong, suggestive word and means wholeness or ‘at-one-ness’ and therefore refers to a rich, harmonious relationship.

C.        It’s one thing to suffer and die, it’s quite another thing to suffer infinitely and not be able to die! Now I can’t quite fathom that, can you?

1.         I have been very close to death on several occasions, but I have never been close to death and couldn’t die, have you?

D.        In v.3 the Servant our Messiah became intimate (yada) (familiar, acquainted, affectionate) with our grief. We endure pain, grief, sorrow and suffering but He became intimate with it and for our sakes, “He embraced it!”

E.         Will we ever really understand what intimacy with sin really meant on Calvary? What it really meant to become, “acquainted with grief?”

F.         Will we ever know the depth and the magnitude of His suffering, I hardly doubt it? Can we share in His suffering, His shame, and His solitude? I believe we can, to a degree, anyway….

1.         In the Newer Testament, Paul said in Phil. 3:10, “That I may know Him (ginosko – to know by experience) the power of His resurrection, and the fellowship of His sufferings, being made conformable unto His death;” (Can you pray that? Do you pray that?)

2.         Peter did, I Pet. 4:13 says, “But rejoice inasmuch as ye are partakers of Christ’s suffering’s that when His glory shall be revealed, ye may be glad also with exceeding joy.” (Not just joy – but (agalliao) exceeding joy!)

3.         However, I believe Romans 8:18 is the key verse on this when Paul said, “For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us.” “WOW!”  (Having a rough day? Read 2 Cor. 11:23-33)

G.        I don’t think we can suffer the ‘Infinite wrath of God’ because we are finite beings, but we can suffer finitely for a long time! For the ultimate glory of God! Amen?

H.        You see it is God’s will for every one of us to be “Saved, Sealed, Sanctified, Spirit Filled, Serving and to Suffer, ” some a little, some a lot. That’s His will for every child of His!

I.          I don’t know how suffering works in God’s economy of things, but I do know this, ‘God is glorified in our suffering!’ Glorified my friend, GLORFIED!

T. S.     He was glorified in His Son’s suffering and He is glorified in yours and mine!

II.        “Surely He has borne our griefs…,”

A.        Surely (aw-kane) truly, indeed, verily, certainly, nevertheless, ‘assuredly;’ This word has a strong, assertive force. Like ‘Verily, Verily; Truly, Truly; Amen, Amen.’

B.         This word is emphasizing a contrast to v.3, but on the contrary; but in fact; but yet;

C.        It is linked with another very strong word ‘borne’ (nasa) to lift, bear up, carry off, take away, to be swept away, to bear continuously. Not just removing but lifting it up and carrying it away.

D.        This Servant did not become a sinner, He bore our sins away, which is very important!

E.         This word is used of an ‘Armor Bearer’ eighteen times in the Older Testament and in Leviticus with sacrifices for propitiation and expiation. (ek-spe-a-tion)

F.         Two very, very strong words to emphasize the very great burden He had to bear namely, yours and mine! (All the pronouns in these verses are “emphatic” for emphasis!)

G.        This word borne (nasa) also shows us He is not merely entering into our miseries and pain but it portrays a complete gathering together unto Himself of all the legal, judicial sentences of sufferings which we deserved to endure.

H.        This verse encompasses the true tone of  substitutionary atonement in total, II Cor. 5:21; and it answers the age old  question of Matt. 27:46, “Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani, ‘My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?”

1.         Because legally God had to turn His back on His Son, the Messiah, because He had the legal, judicial sentence of the (kosmos) the world, upon Himself.

2.         Because the word (nasa) to bear up or away, is used in connection with the sacrifices of expiation in Lev. 5:1, 17; 16:22; 20:19, 20; His suffering was expiatory (ek-spe-a-tor-e) meaning, to put an end to, to extinguish the guilt incurred and it’s vicarious in nature.

3.         He also bore our ‘Griefs’ (kholee) afflictions, sickness, anxiety, and injuries.

4.         It does not refer to sin but to suffering, and it’s from a primitive root to become weak, sick, diseased, grieved, sorrow; literally, “spiritual sickness.”

5.         This word is also used in a metaphorical sense for pain, sorrow and evil, ie human ills and trials in life. (lit; to take the burden from one’s shoulders and put it on His own and carry it away!)

I.          He will expiate, extinguish all your pain and sorrow if you will let Him, that’s also why He went to the Cross at Calvary. Think of the cross, if you will, as a sin/fire extinguisher!”

T.S.      “He has borne (nasa) all our griefs, all our afflictions, all our anxieties (kholee)…” (To the bitter end – (te-tel-es-tai) ‘It is Finished!’) If we will just give them to Him!!

III.       “And carried our sorrows…”

A.        The word ‘Carried’ (sabal) means to labor under a load or burden, to drag along, to be heavy laden; It’s found 23x in the O. T. and it’s used of a burden so heavy it has to be dragged along.

B.         What is it, that is so heavy that it has to be dragged along? Our ‘Sorrows’ (mak-ob) our pain and sorrow both physical and mental or spiritual.

1.         The key here is that they acknowledge that this Servant did not suffer for His own sins but that He carried upon His shoulders the burden of their sins and the pain of their transgressions. His suffering was expiatory and vicarious in nature.

C.        Sorrow (mak-ob) refers more to mental pain, whereas, grief (kho-lee) refers more to physical pain. Sometimes ‘Mental Pain’ is much more severe than physical pain, you can’t take two aspirins and lie down and make it go away in two hours! Amen?

D.        Physical pain does not make you sweat great drops of blood (hematohidrosis) but mental pain and anguish can. Luke 22:44.

E.         This word is also translated ‘Marred.’ Similar to Isa. 52:14 but there a different word is used to show total disfigurement of His face. (mo-shat) (His visage (face) was soooo marred…)

F.         Here it’s His Spirit that is disfigured; it’s the inner pain and anguish, “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?” (Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?) His Spirit is disfigured!!

G.        He bore our burdens and griefs like an ‘Armor Bearer’ and He carried or dragged along our sorrows, our physical and mental sufferings like a work animal drags a heavy load along the road, one tough step at a time! And what do we do? We esteem Him! We value Him!

H.        But Wait! Who is the ‘WE‘ in v.4? In v.3, the ‘WE‘ hid their faces from Him and wouldn’t esteem Him or value Him!

T. S.     But now as a ‘Burden-Bearer’ and ‘Sorrow-Carrier’ the WE, in v. 4,  ‘Esteem Him; Reckon Him; Value             Him; Regard Him – But How?

IV.       “Yet WE did esteem Him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.” oi vey!

A.        If Israel is the Servant, then who is the ‘We’ in this verse? We did esteem (khsab) consider, account, regard, reckon, impute, Him;  This Servant ‘Stricken’ (naga) in the sense of being blasted, cast down, down trodden, plagued, to strike violently.

B.         In Exodus 12:22 they took a bunch of hyssop, three sprigs and bound them together in an (echad) plunged it into the blood of the lamb in the basin at the front door and (naga) struck the lentil of the door.

1.         Then they dipped the bunch of hyssop in the basin of blood a second time and with one stroke (naga) struck the two door posts or (mezuzot) leaving a sign, a mark, an (owth) on the door for the destroyer to see that night, the (Masheit).

C.        Not only was this Servant/Messiah ‘Stricken’ (naga) Isaiah says He was also ‘Smitten’ (naka) to slay, to beat, to kill, to slaughter or scourge! This is Divine retribution for a heinous crime or sin!

D.        This is a very, very strong word and means to be fatally smitten, killed or slain! To be attacked, ravaged, destroyed! Are you getting the picture? Not very pleasant is it?

E.         It takes you back to Isaiah 52:14-15 where, “His visage was sooo marred more than any man and His form more than the sons of men.”

1.         Marred – (moshat) deformed, disfigured, corrupted, implying ugly and repulsive!

F.         This Servant/Messiah was not just ‘Smitten’ (naga) but ‘Stricken’ (naka) as well. In the sense of being blasted like King Uzziah, who was stricken with leprosy when he stepped into the priesthood for a moment. (It was just for a moment – it was just incense – it was just leprosy!)

G.        Smitten, means to be inflicted with a curse! What curse? Gen. 3, the ‘Sin and the thorns.’ The thorns were the result of the sin in the garden.

H.        This Servant not only bore our sin, and dragged our griefs along, but he wore our 2″ thorns on His head and they were beaten down through His skull with His staff.

I.          Listen, death and sin are universal, “It is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgement, (the condemnation, damnation, punishment).” Heb. 9:27

1.         Judgement (kri-sis) what English word do you think we get from this Greek word?  (Crisis – The turning point! Like mid-life crisis!)

J.          Second, you are not a sinner because you sin, you sin because you are a sinner, it’s in your nature. As a bird is born to fly, and a fish is born to swim, man is born to sin!

K.        You don’t have to teach a two year old to lie, to steal, to rebel, to hit, to loose its temper, to throw things, to bite people, you have to teach them ‘NOT’ to do those things!

L.         Romans 5:12 says, “Wherefore, as by one man (Adam) sin entered into the world and death by sin, and so death passed upon ALL men, for ALL have sinned.”

M.        Stricken by Whom v.4? By God, (Elohim) The God of creation! Only God has the Right, the Power, the Authority, the Majesty, to strike the Servant, the Messiah, His Son, Ps. 2:7; Prov. 30:4; Acts 13:33; Heb. 1:5; Heb. 5:5.

N.        This false doctrine called ‘Deicide’ is nonsense. How could a man with an ounce of intelligence ever conceive of another man killing God? That’s ludicrous, ridiculous, absurd, preposterous, bizarre, laughable and would even be comical if it wasn’t so stupid!

O.        Let me clear something up; The Jewish people did not kill the Messiah Yeshua/Jesus, they couldn’t! The Romans did not kill the Jewish Messiah Yeshua/Jesus, they couldn’t!

P.         It was our sin that put Him on that tree and made Him sweat, ‘great drops of blood,’ and cry giant, strong, powerful, forceful (ischyros) tears. But it was God, Elohim Who smote Him and struck Him (naga – naka) and cursed Him with a curse, Gal. 3:13, because of our stinking sin.

T. S.     Not that He was actually stricken by God, but we (you and I) esteemed Him, accounted Him to be so! He bore our sin, in His body, on our tree, on Calvary 2,000 years ago!

V.        Conclusion:

A.        It is based on this verse that the Talmud refers to the Messiah as, ‘The Leprous One.’

B.         The Babylonian Talmud, Sanhedrin 98b says of Isaiah 53:4, “The Messiah, what is his name?” The Rabbis say, ‘the leprous one’ those of the house of Rabbi say, ‘the sick one’ as it is said, “surely he hath borne our sickness.”

C.        Why, “The Leprous One!” Because (naga) is used of striking a person with leprosy, like King Uzziah in II Chron. 26:20.

D.        He is shunned like a leper when he carries, or drags along our griefs, our sorrows, and our sins.

E.         What does a leper cry out? Unclean! Unclean! Unclean! And everyone turns away, no one wants to look at a leper, no one! It was because of all this that He cried from the tree, “Eli. Eli, Lama Sabachthani…” Psalm 22:1.

F.         The answer as we have said is in Psalm 22:3, because God is holy; Isa. 6:3; and God had to turn away, why? Hab. 1:13, God can’t look on iniquity, because of His holiness!

G.        But we never turn away, we never turn our backs on ‘The Savior,’ we are never ashamed of the Messiah of Israel, are we Peter???

H.        “Naga – Naka,” Stricken and Smitten of God, but it doesn’t end there, Oh I wish it did, but there is more!

I.          Stricken, Smitten and ‘Afflicted‘ (anah) humbled, humiliated; to bow down, to stoop down, to mistreat, to dishonor, or to ravish!

J.          Stricken, Smitten, Afflicted,” three words to describe His Hell on earth! I don’t fully understand this, and I am not going to try to explain it, I just accept it, embrace it, praise Him for it and go on!

1.         Stricken of God (naga) refers to a loathsome disease like leprosy;

2.         Smitten of God (naka) refers to divine retribution for heinous sin;

3.         Afflicted of God (anah) refers to punishment for one’s crime.

4.         All describing the terrible, horrible consequences and penalty of our sin.

K.        Maimonides in the 12th century said, “Yeshua/Jesus deserved the violent death He suffered.” Deserved It! Nobody deserved this, Nobody! Most of all, not the, ‘Man from Nazareth!’ “Who had done no violence, neither was any deceit found in His mouth.” Isa. 53:9

L.         The fact that the Leaders of Yeshua/Jesus’ day attempted to prove He was a blasphemer and not equal to God the Father, and did miracles on the Sabbath Day, and healed the blind, the lame, the deaf, the lepers, and raised the dead, and cast out demons that only the Devil could do;

1.         Showed He deserved to die, fulfilling this prophecy in amazing detail.

2.         “He (Christ) was despised and we (Leaders) esteemed Him not!”

M.        “Surely He has borne OUR griefs, and carried OUR sorrows, yet WE did esteem Him stricken, smitten of God and afflicted.” Isaiah 53:4

N.        This verse reminds me of an old hymn lost to our churches and young people today, “Amazing Love, how can it be, that Thou my God, should die for me.”

O.        Mashiach bore our sins as though they were His own, He bore the pain, the punishment and made atonement for the whole world. He took the blame and then vicariously suffered the shame, as though He was the guilty one. Yet we esteemed Him stricken, inflicted with a curse; judicially afflicted as a leper; and smitten by God as a rebel, defeated, crushed and condemned!

P.         All this led Him to Calvary, but does it lead you to Calvary? The Cross is not just something we come to for Salvation; it’s something we cling to for assurance, service, hope, comfort, strength, direction, guidance, etc. But it’s a special reminder of just how much He really loves us!

Q.        Do you know Him? Do you really, really know (yada) Him? In your heart, not your head! Hos. 6:3! He is not talking about knowing about the LORD, he’s talking about a personal relationship with YeHoVaH, the YHVH, the GOD of redemption and His Son, Jesus The Christ? (Ps. 46:10)

Prayer – “Father, I have no words to utter as I sit here, my heart is silent, my spirit is full, my soul is overwhelmed. I cannot even begin to fathom what Your Servant, Your Messiah, Your only begotten Son went through for US. I can’t thank You enough for Your sacrifice but I hope You know WE appreciate everything You did for US. We come to You now and bare our hearts and souls before You and beg Your forgiveness……..”

“The Servant’s Sorrow Unveiled” – ‘Isa. 53:3 – REVISED’

“The Servant’s Sorrow Unveiled” – ‘Isa. 53:3 – REVISED’ 8/22/13

I.          Introduction:

A.        “The Reception of The Servant!” Or should we say, “The Rejection of The Servant!”

B.         In this verse we have the pure, unadulterated aversion of the Jewish nation toward Jehovah’s Servant.

C.        Isaiah the prophet uses a series of verbs to provide a detailed description of the intense suffering of the assumed subject, Jehovah’s Servant, and His whole life would be characterized by suffering not royalty.

D.        “He was despised, and forsaken of men, A man of pains, and acquainted with disease, And as one from whom men hide their face: He was despised, and we esteemed him not.” J.P.S. Trans. 1966.

II.        “He is despised…”

A.        To despise (ba-zah) means to disdain, scorn, to be contemptible;

B.         Franz Delitzsch says, “Despised connotes, bitter contempt and is translated ‘vile person’ in other places, referring to the most hated man in Jewish history, ‘Antiochus Epiphanes’ who is set forth as the foreshadow of the antichrist and the most hated person in all of Jewish history.

C.        Many Jewish people hate Yeshua/Jesus more than Satan himself.  This gives you a slight glimpse into the Jewish feeling for Yeshua/Jesus.

D.        Twice this word despised (ba-zah) is used in v.3 to emphasize its intensity and severity.

E.         “He is despised” – present tense! “He was despised” – past tense! And, “He shall be despised” – future tense!

III.       “And Rejected of men…”

A.        He was rejected (chadal) abandoned, refused, forsaken, but not forgotten, to be destitute, to desist or cease to exist. John 1:11 says, “He came unto His own, and His own received Him not!”

B.         By not accepting or receiving someone, you are in fact rejecting or refusing Him.

C.        ‘Rejected of men;’ Jews, Gentiles, Rich, Poor, Rank, Great, Learned, Religious, etc;

D.        No prophecy was ever more strikingly fulfilled than that one, “Rejected of men!” (let it sink in)

E.         The Hebrew name for Jesus – Yeshua/Savior has been deliberately distorted to “Yeshu” (no ‘a’ not Yeshua – note it!) or “Isschu” an acronym for “Immach Schemo Vezikro!”

F.         The letters of “Yeshu or Isschu” spell out a sentence, “Let his name and memory be blotted out forever.” (Forgotten, Destitute, Forsaken). Don’t let anyone use it on you!

1.         No name has aroused more antagonism and opposition among Jewish people than the name of ‘Jesus Christ’ who came to give His life a ransom for His people and the world.

G.        This aversion to Him has even increased with the passing of time. His name is not even mentioned among Jewish people other than, ‘that man’ or ‘the hanged one’ or ‘the illegitimate one’ or in mockery or slang or as a cuss word.

1.         However, among many Reform and Conservative Jewish people, this attitude is gradually changing to a more positive attitude. (2,000 years and He is still intimidating people!)

H.        Rejected by who? MEN! (ish-im) There are three words for man in Hebrew:

1.         (enosh) used of man in his weakness; (adom) used of man in general; and (ish) used of man in his strength and as nobility or lord’s of people.

I.          This is true of the only other usages of (ish-im) in: Ps. 141:4 and Prov. 8:4.

J.          It is used of men of Rank, men of Stature, and men of Standing. The Leaders; The Elders; The Kings; We saw it in Isaiah 52:15, “kings shall shut their mouths at him.”

K.        So, this Servant is going to be ‘Rejected – (chadal) abandoned, refused, forsaken, by men of ‘Rank and Prestige’ with few exceptions like Nicodemus and Joseph of Arimathaea.

L.         Remember the words of the Jewish leaders in the N. T. in John 7:48, “Have any of the rulers or the Pharisees believed on Him?” Read I Cor. 1:26-29 sometime for God’s view point!

M.        Listen to the touching cry of Psalm 69:12, a prophecy of scornful discussions of the elders or leaders, “They that sit in the gate speak against me, and I was the song of the drunkards.”

N.        The word ‘against’ is always used in Hebrew of a downward scorn. This is not a special few but it was universal. “The nations rejected him!”

O.        The fact that God said they would reject Him and the majority did reject Him is strong evidence for Who He is!

P.         Many who claim to revere Him today would also despise him if they knew what the Newer Testament really said about Him.

IV.       “A man of sorrows…”

A.        Note if you will the words; “Men & Man” (ish-im & ish).

B.         Obviously if (ishim) is plural and is individual men, then (ish) is singular and must be an individual man and can not, (CAN NOT) be a nation!

C.        “A man of sorrows (mak’oboth) severe pains, plural.  This is a man whose chief distinction was, that His life was one of constant, painful, afflictions which could either be physical or spiritual.

D.        What a contrast to Isaiah 52:13, “Behold, My Servant…exalted, extolled and elevated…”

E.         The root word for sorrows is to feel pain, to agonize, and to suffer torment.

1.         Isa. 9:6 says, “For unto us a child was born…” showing His humanity, the Son of man; and “Unto us a Son was given…” showing His deity, the Son of God.

2.         He had to be both ‘God and man’ to pay the ultimate sacrifice and atone for man’s sin. It is impossible for a sinful man to redeem his fellow man, read Psalm 49:7-8.

F.         Yeshua/Jesus said in Matt. 26:38, “My soul is exceedingly sorrowful, even unto death.”

1.         He agonized in the garden; He sweat great drops of blood, (hematohidrosis). Lk. 22:44.

2.         He wept strong (ischyros – mighty, powerful, forceful) tears. Heb. 5:7.

3.         He cried for the cup to pass three times; He felt the bitterness of betrayal;

4.         He was tried by the people He came to save; He was crowned with two inch thorns;

5.         He was scourged with a cat of nine tails by the Romans, and hung on a cross naked.

6.         He was forsaken by God and His disciples and His heart ruptured from His sufferings.

7.         The Servant came to suffer with and for His people and to lay down His life for them.

G.        Such were the facts of history and the prophetic requirements of Scripture were fulfilled.

H.        The Messiahship was proven; and satisfaction for sin was made, Isaiah 53:11, “He (God) shall see the travail of his soul and shall be satisfied (saba).” (Sounds like an onomatopoeia)

V.        “And acquainted with grief…” (Or sickness)

A.        Not that He was diseased with viruses or bacteria but that the wrath instigated by sin and the zeal of self-sacrifice burned within Him like a fever.

B.         Psalm 69:9-10 says, “For the zeal of thine house has eaten me up; and the reproaches of those who reproached thee are fallen on me.”

C.        We are not talking about physical sickness here, these are the result of sin and this Servant was absolutely sinless.

D.        What is implied here is that the wrath of Almighty God instigated by sin was poured out upon His Servant. The word for ‘grief or sickness’ stands for, ‘SIN!’ Isaiah uses this same figure in Isaiah 1:4-6, (R).

E.         He drank that bitter cup of God’s wrath to the very dregs after thanking Him for it and then He climbed up on our cross and was made SIN for you and for me. II Cor. 5:21.

F.         That’s why He cried from the tree, (“Eli, Eli lama sabachthani,”) “My God, My God why have You forsaken Me?” Ps. 22:1 Hab. 1:13;  Why?  Ps. 22:3, “Thou art Holy,” (kodosh, sacred, pure) He is Holy and Holiness demands Holiness!

G.        This word can be translated sickness, disease, anxiety, affliction, but the context will determine the proper translation, not the translator’s opinion.

H.        Many suppose the figure is ‘Leprosy’ the most severe sickness known to man at that time and many times imposed by God on man. The ancient Rabbis refer to this Servant as one who was shunned like a Leper.

I.          The word ‘acquainted’ (yada) means to know intimately by personal experience.

J.          Adam (yada’d) knew, Eve and she conceived, that’s personal, and that’s intimate! Gen. 4:1.

K.        The word literally means, ‘Introduced!’  Messiah meet pain, grief, sorrow, torment, SIN! Pain, grief, sorrow, torment, SIN meet the Messiah!

L.         To become ‘acquainted’ with something in Hebrew (yada) means to become intimate with it.

M.        Listen, we endure pain, we tolerate grief and sorrow, we put up with it, we don’t become intimate with it, do we? He did, and He did it for you and for me! He embraced it, all His life!

N.        That’s why the Jewish people in John 8:57 said of Yeshua/Jesus, “Thou art not yet fifty years old and hast Thou seen Abraham?” (Look at pictures of our presidents before and after four years).

O.        He was never seen to laugh, and was so worn away from continual grief, that when He was in His mid thirties he was taken to be nearly 50 years of age, John 8:57. How? From being “acquainted (yada) with the grief,” of the world and bearing that burden all of His life.

P.         We never read that He laughed, but we often read that He wept, John 11:35 at the tomb of Lazarus; At Jerusalem upon His triumphal entry, Luke 19:41; In Gethsemane before going to the cross, Heb. 5:7.

VI.       “And we (plural) hid as it were our (plural) faces from Him (sing)…”

A.        He was like a thing or person from which a man turns away his face in shame or disgust!

B.         Isaiah 49:7 says, “Thus saith the LORD, the Redeemer of Israel, and his Holy One, to him whom man despiseth (bazah) to him whom the nation abhorreth (ta-ab – to loathe, detest, to be abominable) to a servant of rulers;”

C.        The natural mind is all to ready to construe meekness for weakness and to waste its praise on the proud and the self-seeking.

D.        There are several thoughts and possibilities on this phrase.

1.         They turned away their faces from Him in horror; They had to turn from the suffering; They turned from Him in contempt; They turned away from Him in scorn because He was so unlike what they expected and they hid their faces in real contempt.

E.         But you never hide your face, your testimony, your convictions from Him, do you? You never turn away? You never keep silent when you know a word or testimony must be spoken? You always stand up for Christ and His children, and do the right thing, right?

VII.     “He was despised (bazah) and we esteemed (chasab) Him not.”

A.        Now we hit the bottom of the pit with this dreary repetition;

B.         “So, we despised Him and deemed Him insignificant and unimportant.”

C.        We did not reckon Him and we did not evaluate Him properly. Some refer to Him as, “Less than a man;” others as, “The most abject of men.” (Lit. – He who ceases from men, that is, ‘Is no longer regarded as a man.’ Hengstenberg, Ps. 49:7)

D.        So, it is with the human race, they acknowledge but do not evaluate Him correctly. Luther said, “We estimated Him as nothing!” ‘NOTHING!’

1.         “They made Him like the off-scouring and refuge in the midst of the people.” Lam. 3:45

E.         Ps. 69:12 says, “I am the songs of the drunkards.” Nothing more than spiritual derision and scum.

F.         People loathe to look at a man whom they hate immensely. In all of the history of Israel no one was more intensely hated or despised than this ‘Servant of God.’ “NO ONE!”

G.        “We (plural) hid our faces from Him.” We shunned Him like a leper; we turned away in contempt, and scorn. He was abandoned, abhorred, a reproach of men, a worm and no man, and the off-scouring of the earth. Why? Luke 19:14, “We will not have this man to reign over us!”

H.        The word means, ‘to have an aversion to someone or something.’ Psalm 22:6-8, “But I am a worm (towla) and no man; a reproach of men, and despised by the people. All they who see Me laugh Me to scorn; they shoot out the lip, they shake the head saying, He trusted in the LORD that He would deliver Him; let Him deliver Him, seeing He delighted in Him.” (Matt. 27:39-44)

I.          We did not reckon Him! We did not value Him! We did not esteem Him! We did not elevate Him! Who is the ‘WE’ in v.3? It must be the Nation of Israel, but it does not exclude the Goi’im!

J.          Who can estimate the guilt of the self righteous religious leaders who sneer at the precious blood of our Servant, our Messiah and tear it from their Hymnals, Scriptures, and Bibles today?

K.        There is a lesson for us to learn from all this. Why should we seek the approval of a world which despises our LORD? Or why should we desire acceptance from men who reject Him?

VIII.    Conclusion:

A.        So, it is with the whole human race today, they acknowledge the Servant the Messiah but; They don’t value Him; They esteem Him correctly!

B.         A good man, a prophet, a teacher, but not the Messiah, not the Savior of mankind. We must bring Him down to our level they say, “He is a man just like us and He would probably flunk mathematics.” Or as one writer put it, “We estimated him as nothing!”

C.        Listen to Ps. 69:12 one more time, “They that sit in the gate (The Leaders) speak against Me, and I was the songs of the drunkards.”

D.        Is that all He is, this Servant, this Messiah? The song of drunkards, the topic of scorn, a derogatory remark or joke, an occasional cuss word when something goes wrong, or when you slam your finger in the door?

E.         You say, ‘I have never despised Him, I have never rejected Him, I have never shunned Him, I have never turned my back on Him, I have never not exalted Him! Really Peter!

F.         Though all those others forsake Him, you never will! Why, you will even die for Him, Right! Listen, this Servant, this Messiah, Yeshua/Jesus doesn’t want you to die for Him; He wants you to live for Him, one day at a time, starting today!

G.        Peter denied Him three times and he was only 30 feet away from Him when he did it, a stone’s throw, and their eyes met and he turned as it were and “hid his face from him in shame.”

H.        In fact Peter denied the Faith, he denied the Brotherhood and he denied the Lord. Matt. 26:69-75; and Mark 22:54-62.

I.          But don’t be too quick to judge Peter, how many times does the ‘Cock Crow’ every day in your life or mine?

J.          In John 21, Yeshua/Jesus restored Peter three times! We may not reject Him! We may not despise Him! But do we shun Him or turn our back on Him when we pick up that magazine in the drug store, watch an ‘R’ rated movie or worse, the internet, or listen to an off color joke or music?

K.        Do you Exalt Him, Extol Him, Elevate Him in all your conversations and business deals?

L.         Do you esteem Him in every area of your life, thoughts, words, deeds, taxes?

M.        He died for you, so you could live for Him! He took your Hell so you could take His Heaven!

N.        He drank your cup, so you didn’t have too! He took your sin, so you could take His righteousness!

O.        He took your whip, your nails, your thorns, your spit, your spear, your shame, your scorn;

P.         So you could have His love, His mercy, His grace, and His forgiveness!

Q.        What does it mean to suffer the infinite wrath of God? I don’t know and I never will! Because He endured it for you and me, on a hill He made, on a tree He created, in a city His Father loves!

R.         “He was despised (bazah) became a vile person, and we esteemed Him not.” (How Terrible!)

S.         All He did for you; All He left behind; All the glory He emptied Himself of; All the majesty He turned his back on; All the shame, the spitting, the beating, the cursing, the mocking, the loneliness, the pain, the sorrow, the nakedness, the grief, the sin, and ‘We Esteem Him Not!’

T.         Isn’t it a shame, in light of the cross and all that He did for us on Calvary, that we live such defeated lives? Be honest, are you living a victorious life for Christ? Can you answer Paul’s question in the affirmative to the church, “Are you saved, are you living the crucified life?”

The next stanza Isaiah will deal with the Servant afflicted, wounded, and stricken. Until then we will see you… “Between The Lines.”

The Servant’s Sorrow Unveiled” – ‘Isa. 53:3 – REVISED’ 8/22/13

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